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Albert Garih testimonies

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2011.330.1

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    Albert Garih testimonies
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    Overview

    Description
    The Albert Garih testimonies consists of two testimonies written by Albert Garih in 2000 and updated in 2011. The first testimony describes Albert Garih’s personal experiences as a hidden child in France. The second testimony describes the experiences of Benjamin Garih, Albert’s father, who was sent to a forced labor camp on the Channel Islands.
    Date
    creation:  2011
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Albert Garih
    Collection Creator
    Albert Garih
    Biography
    Albert Garih and his twin brother were born June 24, 1938, in Paris, France, to Benjamin and Claire (née Alfandari) Garih. Albert’s twin died in infancy. Natives of Constantinople (now Istanbul), Turkey, Benjamin and Claire had each moved to Paris in 1923, where they met and married in 1928. Benjamin worked in a garment factory and the family lived in the janitor’s house at the factory, where Claire stayed home taking care of Albert and his two sisters, Jacqueline, born in 1930, and Gilberte, born in 1933.

    In May 1940, Germany invaded France and occupied Paris. Many of the approximately 175,000 Jews living in Paris tried to flee the city ahead of the advancing Germans. The Garihs headed south without any specific destination and spent several nights in a chateau along the Loire River, sleeping on the floor. With nowhere to go, however, they soon returned to Paris, where they were subjected to France’s new anti-Jewish measures patterned after Germany’s Nuremberg laws. In July 1942, the Garihs were forced to move into a two-room apartment with no bathroom or shower and only a toilet and tiny kitchen. In September 1943, the German authorities deported Albert’s father, Benjamin, to a forced labor camp in the Channel Islands, the only British territory occupied by the Axis powers. Shortly after Benjamin’s departure, Claire confessed to Madame Galop, a woman she had met at the market, that she feared being taken away with her children. Madame Galop and her husband invited Claire and her children to stay with them. They hid with the Galops for more than six months during 1943 and 1944, until a neighbor threatened to denounce them to the German authorities. Claire and her children then returned home, where two French police inspectors came to their door in June 1944. Though they had been instructed by the Gestapo to arrest the Garihs, the police agreed to report that they were not home if the family left immediately. Claire and Albert spent the next few nights hiding with their Communist neighbors, the Ménétriers, while Jacqueline and Gilberte hid on the ground floor of their building with the First Person Today at 1:00pm Doors open at 12:45pm https://collections.ushmm.org Contact reference@ushmm.org for further information about this collection janitor. With the help of a local social worker, the Garihs found places to stay. Claire worked as a governess for a Parisian family. Albert was placed in a Catholic boarding school for boys while his sisters were placed in one for girls, both in the northeastern suburb of Montfermeil. The children had no way of communicating with their mother. Though Albert was protected by the headmistress—he suspects she knew he was Jewish—he became incredibly thin and weak from the scarcity of food during wartime.

    In August 1944, the Allied powers liberated Paris and then Montfermeil shortly thereafter. As soon as the train service was restored, Claire went to Montfermeil and brought her children back to Paris. In May 1944, just a month before D-Day, German authorities evacuated the prisoners detained on the Island of Alderney via Cherbourg towards Boulogne. Some prisoners, including Benjamin, were deployed as forced laborers in the Boulogne-CalaisDunkerque triangle repairing German coastal fortifications installations damaged by Allied bombing. In August, shortly after the Allies broke out of the Normandy beachhead and began their rapid sweep through France, the Germans intended to transport these Jews to concentration camps in Germany, but members of the Belgian resistance stopped the train and liberated the remaining prisoners, including Benjamin. Benjamin walked back home from Dixmude, Belgium to Paris and arrived the morning of Rosh Hashanah.
    In 1962 Albert received a degree in English and Spanish to French translation from the School of Advanced Translation and Interpretation Studies at the Sorbonne and in 1967 he married Marcelle Ohayon, with whom he has three daughters and ten grandchildren. He has worked as a translator at several major organizations, including the translation office of the president of Cameroon; a UN agency in Montreal; and the World Bank, which brought him to Washington, DC, in 1976. In the early 1990s, through Albert’s application,

    Yad Vashem recognized the Galops and the Ménétriers as Righteous Among the Nations. Today Albert serves as a volunteer at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.

    Physical Details

    Language
    English
    Genre/Form
    Memoirs.
    Extent
    1 folder
    System of Arrangement
    The Albert Garih testimonies are arranged in a single series.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Perpignan (France) France.
    Corporate Name
    Gurs (Concentration camp)

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    Albert Garih donated the Albert Garih testimonies to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in October 2011.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this collection has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 17:51:07
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn44181