Lightweight brown suitcase carried by a Jewish Austrian refugee child
1946 March-1946 July
use: 1946 July
en route: Gripsholm (Ship); New York (N.Y.)
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Alfred Kurz
Brown cardboard suitcase carried by 9 year old Alfred Kurz when he and his 10 year old sister, Doriane, emigrated to the United States from Sweden in July 1946. After Germany annexed Austria in March 1938, Alfred's parents, Emil and Klara, decided to leave the country with their two children. They went to Amsterdam, Netherlands, where there was a branch of the Kurz family optical frames business. Germany occupied Holland in May 1940 and, by 1942, deportations of Jews to concentration camps were frequent. Emil was arrested and deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau and killed. Klara and the children were interned in Westerbork transit camp and, in 1944, deported to Bergen Belsen concentration camp in Germany. In April 1945, as the Allies reached the area, the camp was evacuated by train. During the journey, Klara, Doriane, and Alfred were liberated by Soviet forces. They were repatriated to Amsterdam where Klara died in March 1946. Alfred's uncle, Charles, took the children to Sweden where they would be able to get US immigration visas. In July 1946, they sailed on the SS Gripsholm to join their uncle Benjamin and his family in New York.
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:25:49
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn44500
Also in Alfred Kurz family collection
The collection consists of a suitcase, documents, and photographs relating to the experiences of Alfred Kurz and his parents, Meilach (Emil) and Klara Bieberstein Kurz, and his sister Doriane in Vienna, Austria, The Netherlands, and Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany before and during the Holocaust, Klara, Alfred, and Doriane's repatriation to the Netherlands after the Holocaust, and Alfred and Doriane's immigration to the United States in 1946.
The Kurz family papers contain biographical materials, correspondence, immigration papers, business records, and photographs related to the lives of Meilech Kurz and his wife Klara Kurz-Biberstein in Vienna, Austria, and with their children Alfred and Doriane in Amsterdam, Netherlands; Westerbork transit camp, Netherlands; and Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany. The papers include letters Meilech wrote to Klara, birth and marriage certificates, identification cards, government registration papers, immigration papers for Palestine and the United States, papers related to Meilech’s optical frames family business, and family photographs.