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Salomon Berenholc papers

Document | Accession Number: 2011.372.1

The Salomon Berenholc papers concern Salomon Berenholc, a young French Jew who was arrested with his family after fleeing France and illegally crossing the border into Spain in 1942. After a brief internment in a Spanish prison, the family was released and ultimately immigrated to the United States in 1943 by way of Lisbon, Portugal. These papers are comprised of a diary Salomon kept during his efforts to flee France between 1942 and 1943 and documents from the post-war era regarding his and his brother, Victor’s education. The diary details their journey and the conditions of Salomon's cell, daily rations, schedule, treatment, and relationship with other prisoners.

The Salomon Berenholc papers are comprised of a diary Salomon kept while fleeing France between 1942 and 1943 and of documents from the post-war era regarding his and his brother, Victor’s education. The diary begins on December 8, 1942 when Salomon and his family fled Clermont-Ferrand for Barcelona, Spain and describes in detail their journey through France, their arrest, and incarceration in a Spanish prison in Figueres. While interned, Soloman describes the conditions of their cell, their daily rations, schedule, treatment, and relationship with other prisoners. Many of his entries include name lists of prisoners he encountered and in a couple entries, maps of his holding cells. The diary goes on to describe his and his family’s release, brief settlement in Spain, and attempts to obtain visas. The diary ends during their journey to Portugal in April 1943. In the back of the journal, Salomon wrote the Hebrew alphabet at a time when he had been having nightmares that he was held in jail and had to read Hebrew to be released. Also included in this collection are four documents from the École Supérieure de Commerce, Salomon and Victor’s school in Clermont-Ferrand. These documents confirm the brothers’ enrollment in the school and were issued in 1945 so they could continue their education in the United States.

Date
inclusive:  1943-1945
Language
French
Extent
2 folders
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Sal Berenholz
 
Record last modified: 2021-05-05 14:53:08
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn44547