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Oral history interview with Stjepan Tonkovic

Oral History | Accession Number: 2007.504.3.21 | RG Number: RG-50.587.0021

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Stjepan Tonkovic, born in 1927 in Bribir in the former Yugoslavia, describes the beginning of the war and life under occupation by Italian forces; the shooting of his Romani neighbor; the requirement that young people join the Ustaša working service in 1941; young men organizing resistance against the fascists; collecting food and goods for the Partisans; performing sabotages; Italian forces burning houses and taking civilians to concentration camps; the execution of some of his family members; his arrest in 1942 for distributing propaganda; his interrogation in a prison in Rijeka; his transfer to Kraljevica concentration camp in 1943; conditions in the concentration camp; returing to Novi Vinodolski after the capitulation of Italy; the expulsion of the residents of Bribir by German forces in 1943; the withdrawl of Chetnik forces to Slovenia; and the sight of dead bodies of German soldiers on the day of liberation.

Interviewee
Stjepan Tonkovic
Date
2008 November 21  (interview)
Language
Serbo-Croatian
Extent
2 videocassettes (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-08-27 10:04:24
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn44836