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Building stone from a concentration camp owned by a former Polish Catholic inmate

Object | Accession Number: 1991.160.2

Gray building stone from Mauthausen concentration camp owned by Julian Noga, a Polish Catholic who was a forced laborer in Wels, a town near the camp, from October 1941-spring 1942. The stone was meaningful to him because he learned his trade as a stone carver while a camp prisoner. Julian, a Polish Catholic from Skrzynka, found a Polish Army rifle two months after Germany occupied Poland in September 1939. It was illegal to keep weapons, and Julian was reported. In December, he was sent to Austria as a forced laborer for the Greinegger farm near Michaelnbach. Julian, 18, and the farmer’s daughter, Frieda, 17, fell in love. Under German racial purity laws, it was forbidden for an Aryan, like Frieda, to associate with a racially inferior non-Aryan, like Julian. Frieda's father separated them, and they met secretly. In September 1941, their meetings were reported and they were arrested. Frieda was sent to Ravensbruck concentration camp; about a year later, her father paid for her release. Julian was jailed in Linz and did forced labor in Wels. In August 1942, he was sent to Flossenburg, where he worked in the stone quarry. On April 20, 1945, the camp was evacuated and the inmates sent on a death march to Dachau. On April 23, Julian was liberated by US soldiers of the 97th Infantry. Germany surrendered in May and Julian and Frieda were reunited. They married in 1946 and, in 1948, the couple and their daughter left for the US.

Geography
found : Mauthausen (Concentration Camp); Mauthausen (Austria)
Language
German
Classification
Materials
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Frieda and Julian Noga
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:24:08
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn4576