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Envelope

Object | Accession Number: 2001.62.10 b | RG Number: RG-71.001.08

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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Envelope addressed, stamped, and postmarked. Is accompanied by original letter (2001.62.10a).
    Date
    1945
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Lucian W. Kempner
    Contributor
    Subject: Robert M. W. (Max Wasili) Kempner
    Biography
    Robert Max Wasilii Kempner (1899-1993) was born in Freiburg, Germany, studied law and political science and other subjects at the universities of Berlin, Breslau and Freiburg. He became the senior legal adviser to the police in Prussia, and he opposed Nazism. After Hitler came to power, Hermann Göring accused Kempner of anti-Nazi activities and fired him, and he was held for two months in a concentration camp. Wilhelm Frick revoked Kempner’s German citizenship on the basis of his Jewish background. Kempner was expelled from Germany and settled in the United States. He returned to Germany after the war and served as assistant U.S. chief counsel during the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg, heading the Defense Rebuttal Section. His knowledge of the German legal system helped him anticipate the defendants’ defense strategies of prepare for cross-examinations. He also served as counsel at the 1947-1948 trial of the German Foreign Office. After Nuremberg, Kempner split his time between the United States and Germany where he represented Jewish clients in restitution cases against Germany. He also appeared as an expert witness at the trial of Adolf Eichmann in Jerusalem in 1961.

    Physical Details

    Language
    German
    Category
    Stationery
    Physical Description
    Rectangular paper form with opening along one side creating an envelope. The front has writing in black ink located within the bottom two-thirds. Top right corner of front has four postage stamps. Two are yellow-green in color, are turned vertically, “60 C” and “Nederland” written on to lines. The other two stamps are gay in color and have “5 C” and “Nederland” written on two lines. A postmark stamps are visible on the stamps and the envelope. Verso has writing in black ink located in the top center section. Tape and adhesive residue is also found along the flap edges.
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The envelope was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2001 by Lucian W. Kempner, Lorraine H. Kempner, Hans Kempner, and Therese Kempner, the son, the daughter-in-law, and grandchildren of Robert M. W. Kempner.
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 18:26:40
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn46344

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