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US Army Military Intelligence ID badge in case used by a Jewish American soldier

Object | Accession Number: 2011.395.3

US Army CIC identification shield used by Martin Dannenberg Jr., a Jewish American soldier awarded a Bronze Star for his wartime service. Martin was a Master Sergeant and Special Agent in Charge, 203rd Counter Intelligence Corps, attached to the III Corps, Third Army. By February 1945, he was in Germany with his unit. One of Martin's duties was to discover evidence for the planned war crimes trials. On April 27, 1945, an informant took Martin and his two man team to a bank vault in Eichstatt, where they discovered an original copy of the Nuremberg Race Laws, signed by Adolf Hitler. This decree was the foundation for the legal persecution of Jews in Germany. It excluded them from citizenship and identified Jews based on racial, not religious grounds. Anyone with 3 or 4 Jewish grandparents was classified a Jew, and marriage or sexual relations with Germans was illegal. Martin photographed the document inside the vault with a Minox Riga camera. The next day, he turned the Nuremberg Laws over to a member of General Patton’s staff, assuming they would be used as evidence in the trials. However, Patton kept them as a personal souvenir and gave them to the Huntington Library in 1945. The existence and provenance of the document was not known until 1999 when the Library lent them for display. In August 2010, the Library donated the document to the National Archives and Records Administration.

Date
1944 October  (received)
1944 October-1945 May  (use)
Geography
use : France
use : Germany
Language
English
Classification
Military Insignia
Category
Badges
Object Type
Badges (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Margery Dannenberg
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Record last modified: 2018-09-27 16:00:26
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn46849