Portfolio cover for a set of 15 reproduced sketches by a French artist and concentration camp prisoner
- Series Title
- Struthof Natzwiller
1944 April-1944 September
Struthof (Concentration camp);
publication: Offenburg (Germany)
Books and Published Materials
Books and pamphlets
- Object Type
Portfolios (groups of works) (aat)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Theodore A. Feintuch
Portfolio cover for a set of secretly created prisoner sketches from Natzweiler-Struthof concentration camp in France, which were reproduced, engraved, and published in 1946. The originals were created by Henri Gayot and the introduction was written by Roger LaPorte: both members of the French resistance and prisoners in Natzweiler. The sketches depict daily camp life and prisoner abuse, particularly for prisoners like Gayot and LaPorte, who were marked as Nacht und Nebel (NN) [night and fog], and were meant to “vanish” in the camp. LaPorte was arrested by the German Sipo in February 1943 and detained as a political prisoner in several prisons then transferred to Natzweiler in July. Gayot was arrested by the Germans and sent to Natzweiler in the spring of 1944. As Allied Forces advanced on the camp in September, it was evacuated and the prisoners were sent to concentration camps in Germany. Gayot and LaPorte were both sent to Dachau and later liberated by US troops in April 1945. The portfolio of prints was acquired by Manfred Hillmann, another Natzweiler prisoner. Manfred (later Fred) and his father, Hermann, were deported from Chemnitz, Germany, to Poland in October 1938. In June 1939, Manfred was arrested by the Gestapo. After Germany invaded Poland on September 1, Manfred was transferred to Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany. Manfred was sent to Natzweiler in March 1942, and in December, he was deported to Auschwitz III (Monowitz) in German-occupied Poland. The camp was evacuated in January 1945, and Manfred was transferred to Gross Rosen in Germany, and then Buchenwald where he was liberated by US troops. He learned that his parents and brothers were killed in Belzec killing center in April 1942.
Record last modified: 2021-05-06 11:44:51
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn46999
Also in Fred Hillman family collection
The collection consists of a portfolio of sketch reproductions, Le Struthof Natzwiller, correspondence, documents, and photographs relating to the experiences of Manfred Hillmann (later Fred Hillman) and his family in Germany and Poland before and during the Holocaust, and of Manfred as a prisoner in Buchenwald and several other concentration camps during the Holocaust and then as a resident of Zeilsheim displaced persons camp in Germany after the war.
Contains photographs of the Hillmann family before the war and of Fred [Manfred Hillmann (donor's cousin)] after the war in Germany, and with US soldiers he worked with. Includes letters written by Herman Hillmann, his brother Josef (in Berlin), his sister Blima (in Stanslawow), their mother Perl, and other relatives to Kiva and Dora Feintuch, Harry and Mina Roxenberg, in New York between 1927-1941, and post-war correspondence relating to Fred Hillmann and his documents during his stay in Germany.