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Drawing of farmhouse and trees done in hiding by a Dutch Jewish man

Object | Accession Number: 2012.113.4

Colored pencil drawing of the Rosier family's farmhouse created by 25 year old Abraham (Appie) Rijksman in hiding on January 6, 1944. It was drawn at the Rosier farm in Friesland, Netherlands, where Appie was given refuge from December 1943 until late January 1944. It is one of five works created of this farm refuge by Appie from January 6 - 21, 1944. Nazi Germany occupied the Netherlands in May 1940. Appie was arrested by the Germans in Amsterdam in August 1943 and sent to Westerbork transit camp. He escaped the train but was recaptured. He escaped a second train and helped a pregnant woman, name unknown, to escape with him. A friend of the woman, Jacobovsky, in gratitude, paid for Appie to travel to Friesland in northern Holland. He lived in hiding in fields and farms. On October 21, Germans were conducting door to door searches in the village of Genum. Appie was hiding in the fields and met another Jewish man, Jozeph de Haan, hiding there. They were found by a third man, Klaas Draaier, who offered them refuge in his barn. After six weeks, the villagers were aware of the Jews hiding there and Draaier hid them briefly to another village. He then took them to the Rosier family in Heskampen who offered to hide them. At the end of January, Draaier took Appie to hide with the Folkertsma family in Genum. In May 1944, German search units found and arrested Appie and took him to Westerbork. He was deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau on May 21, 1944, where he was tattooed A-2757 and selected for slave labor. On February 9, 1945, Appie was sent by death march to Gross Rosen and the next day, transferred as prisoner number 124825 to Buchenwald. On March 9, he was transported to Natzweiler and then, on April 14, to Dachau/Allach in Germany. Appie was liberated at Dachau by American troops on April 29, 1945. Appie's parents Emanuel and Theresia and his brother Natan and Natan's wife Marianne were all killed in concentration camps. Jozeph de Haan survived in hiding at the Rosier farm. After the war, Appie returned to Amsterdam. He never drew again.

Artwork Title
Rosier Farm viewed from a distance
Series Title
Rosier Farm
Date
1944 January 06  (creation)
Geography
depiction : Rosier Farm; Friesland (Netherlands)
Classification
Art
Category
Drawings
Object Type
Color drawing (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Kitty Piller de Wolff
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:23:16
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn47226