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Object | Accession Number: 1991.178.1 c

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    Brief Narrative
    Racial classification set used to classify hair shades. Originally in the holdings of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Berlin. Transferred to the Institute for Human Genetics at the University of Muenster in 1952 by founding director and former Wilhelm Institute director, Dr. Otmar Von Verschuer.
    use:  1930-1939
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Irmgard Nippert
    Artisan: Bruno K. Schultz
    Dr. Bruno Kurt Schultz (1901-1997) was born in Sitzenberg, Austria-Hungary (now Sitzenberg-Reidling, Austria). He earned a doctorate in physical anthropology and his work extended into the fields of heredity, ethnology, and anthropometry. He was the author of several books and many articles about anthropometry and racial hygiene. He lectured on these topics in Vienna, Austria, and in Munich and Berlin, Germany. In 1929, Dr. Schultz became a German citizen, and began working as editor at the J. F. Lehmann publishing house in Munich, which was known for producing medical literature, charts, and material about eugenics. In 1932, Dr. Schultz joined the Nazi Party. He was in the Schutzstaffel (SS), and worked in the Rasse- und Siedlungshauptamt-SS (SS Race and Settlement Main Office; RuSHA). While working there, Dr. Schultz developed the criteria that defined the physical characteristics that determined who in German society was considered “racially pure” and “Nordic.” His model was also used to determine who was eligible to join the SS based on their ancestry, the color of their hair, eyes, and skin, and other aspects deemed “racially pure.”

    Following the German invasion and occupation of other nations just before and during World War II (1939-1945), the same general model was used to analyze populations for resettlement and Germanization within those territories. In February 1942, Dr. Schultz was appointed Chief of the Race Office (RuSHa), a position he held until the end of the war in May 1945. Dr. Schultz went through what the allied powers called denazification: the effort to remove all traces of Nazi ideology, institutions, influence, and laws from Germany, as well as Nazi party members from offices or positions of responsibility. He was not prosecuted as a war criminal. In the Nuremburg Doctors’ Trial (1946), other doctors were presented as manipulated by the SS and various Nazis, and were not considered affiliated with the concentration camps or killing centers. Instead, the SS and medical personnel, such as Dr. Mengele, who were directly involved with the camps and centers, were identified as those most responsible for the atrocities.

    Physical Details

    Information Forms
    Physical Description
    Folding cardboard chart; sample hair swatches of various colors attached; front panel of the skin and hair color charts credit Dr. Bruno Schultz of Berlin.
    overall: Height: 0.830 inches (2.108 cm) | Width: 4.130 inches (10.49 cm)
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Administrative Notes

    The chart was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1991 by Irmgard Nippert.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-29 15:16:26
    This page:

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