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Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip, 2 kronen note

Object | Accession Number: 2012.168.12

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    Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip, 2 kronen note

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Scrip, valued at 2 kronen, issued in the Theresienstadt (Terezin) ghetto-labor camp in 1943. All currency was confiscated from deportees upon entry and replaced with scrip and ration coupons that could be exchanged only in the camp. The Theresienstadt camp existed for 3.5 years, from November 24, 1941 to May 9, 1945. It was located in a region of Czechoslovakia occupied by Germany, renamed the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, and made part of the Greater German Reich.
    Date
    issue:  1943 January 01
    Geography
    issue: Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Mark W. Glickman
    Markings
    front, upper center, printed in red ink : QUITTUNG ÜBER / ZWEI KRONEN [RECEIPT OF / TWO CROWNS]
    front, lower center, printed in middle text then above in red ink : 2
    front, lower center, smaller text than above, printed in red ink : WER DIESE QUITTUNG VERFÄLSCHT ODER NACHMACHT / ODER GEFÄLSCHTE QUITTUNGEN IN VERKEHR BRINGT. / WIRD STRENGSTENS BESTRAFT [ANYONE WHO FALSIFIES OR DISTORTS OR FAKES THIS RECEIPT, OR COUNTERFEITS RECEIPT, WILL BE STRICTLY PUNISHED]
    reverse, upper left in border, plate letter and number, printed in red ink : A003
    reverse, center, printed in red ink : Quittung / über / ZWEI KRONEN [Receipt / of / TWO CROWNS]
    reverse, lower center, printed in red ink : THERESIENSTADT, AM 1.JANNER 1943 DER ALTESTE DER JUDEN / IN THERESIENSTADT [THERESIENSTADT, ON 1. JANUARY 1943 THE ELDER OF THE JEWS IN THERESIENSTADT]
    reverse, bottom right, printed in red ink : Jakob Edelstein
    Contributor
    Subject: Hecht
    Biography
    Mr. Hecht, full name unknown, was interned in Theresienstadt concentration camp in German occupied Czechoslovakia. The camp administration was turned over to the International Red Cross in early May 1945. The Russian Army arrived on May 9 and assumed control of the camp. After the war, Hecht emigrated to Palestine. He was a member of Haganah, a Jewish defense organization, and fought in the War of Independence that led to the establishment of the State of Israel in May 1948. Haganah was transformed into the Israeli Defense Forces. Mr. Hecht married Ellen, who passed away in Florida circa 1995.

    Physical Details

    Language
    German
    Classification
    Exchange Media
    Category
    Money
    Object Type
    Scrip (aat)
    Physical Description
    Rectangular paper scrip. The front has a graphic design in black and red ink on a red background. The front depicts Moses holding 2 stone tablets with the 10 Commandments in Hebrew characters within a medallion on the left, with German text on the right. The right side has a wide, off-white border with the denomination 2 in the lower corner and a 6-pointed Star of David above. The reverse has a red geometric background design with German text and a scrollwork line. Below the text is an engraved signature. The denomination 2 is in the upper right corner. The left side has a wide, off-white border with the denomination 2 in the lower corner with a 6-pointed Star of David above. The plate number is in the upper left corner. It has a vertical fold.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 2.250 inches (5.715 cm) | Width: 4.250 inches (10.795 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The Theresienstadt scrip was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2012 by Mark W. Glickman.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-09-15 10:15:08
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn47447

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