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Rudolph Daniel Sichel papers

Document | Accession Number: 2003.149.1

The Rudolph Daniel Sichel papers include biographical materials, correspondence, military papers, photographs, printed materials, prisoner of war and witness reports, and a sketchbook containing drawings by German prisoners of war. The records documents Sichel’s immigration to the United States, training in Military Intelligence, service in the United States Army as an interrogator, and efforts to obtain restitution for the persecution of his family under Nazi Germany.
Biographical materials include records related to the Sichels’ family history, clothing store in Frankfurt, immigration, and efforts to obtain restitution, Sichel’s passport and membership cards, and certificates for military service from Presidents Harry S. Truman and Jimmy Carter.
Most of the correspondence files are comprised of letters from Sichel to his parents during the war. Of particular interest are Sichel’s selection of letters labeled “Highlights,” which describe his training, advance through Europe, meeting with Empress Hermine, visit to Nordhausen/Dora-Mittelbau, efforts to begin restitution proceedings for the family store, the deaths of relatives at Theresienstadt, the Deggendorf displaced persons camp, and the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. Correspondence files also include letter of introduction and recommendation for Sichel before the war and correspondence with family, friends, and Macy’s co-workers before, during, and after the war.
Military papers include awards, commendation, and separation papers, Camp Ritchie training materials, and correspondence including orders, accounts of activities, reports to the Timberwolf Division, and lengthy communications between Sichel and the military after the war regarding his status and desire to be transferred to the Military Intelligence section of the Officers’ Reserve Corps. Military papers also include leaflets air-dropped by the Allies, ten marks in Allied Military Currency, maps, history and stationery related to the Timberwolves (104th Infantry Division), German organizational charts, Jewish prayer books for the American Armed Forces, and a newsletter distributed aboard the S.S. Sheepshead Bay Victory which brought Sichel back home.
Photographic materials include three albums of snapshots taken by or of Sichel in Europe and hundreds of loose photographs documenting Sichel’s life in Germany, pre-war life in the United States, and wartime and postwar experiences. The albums trace Sichel’s progress, not necessarily in chronological order, through cities including Krostitz, Cologne, St. Brieu, Muir de Bretagne, Pontivy, Vannes, Atteln, Brakel, Halle, Teutchenthal, and Naumburg, and a post-war trip to the French Riviera. Of particular interest are Sichel’s snapshots taken at the Nordhausen/Dora-Mittelbau and Buchenwald concentration camps. Loose wartime photographs include landscapes, bombed out buildings and bridges, corpses, and airplane nose art. Additional photographs depict Sichel and his family and friends in Europe and the United States before, during, and after the war as well as the Sichels’ clothing store in Frankfurt, Macy’s employees, the S.S. Sheepshead Bay Victory, and the 1948 St. Moritz Olympics. The negatives in the collection correspond to some of the photographs of Nordhausen/Dora-Mittelbau, bombed out buildings, landscapes, military personnel, parades in England, and miscellaneous photographs as well as unidentified images of a family with young children.
Printed materials include postcards from England, Belgium, France, and Germany, an English restaurant menu, stamps, handbills printed by the Christliche-Soziale Union, German-English and German-French dictionaries, and a newsletter published by the Textile Salesmen’s Association. The collection also includes clippings from American, British, and German newspapers including Yank, Die Neue Zeitung, Mittelbayerische Zeitung, and Täglische Rundschau, and Passauer Neue Presse, New York Sun, Daily News, and Deggendorf Center Revue mentioning Sichel or describing the war and its aftermath.
Prisoner of war and witness reports document people and subjects including Dr. Friedrich Weber, Dachau Commandant Martin Weiss and other concentration camp personnel, cleanup after the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, euthanasia at Hartheim, the war in Russia, and the Kovno Ghetto.
The sketchbook in the collection was presented to Sichel by prisoners of war Kodak, Weigand, and Plettenberg describing themselves as “Der Unfreie Künstlerbund.” The book contains original pencil, ink, and watercolor drawings signed by the artists and depicting Sichel and prisoner of war camp life.

Date
inclusive:  circa 1903-1978
bulk:  1934-1952
Language
English
German
French
Extent
6 boxes
1 oversize box
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Howard S. Sichel and Linda Sichel Strohmenger
 
Record last modified: 2021-11-16 13:06:05
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn47860