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Felix Librach papers

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2012.469.6

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    Felix Librach papers
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    Overview

    Description
    The Felix Librach papers consist of biographical materials, correspondence, diaries and notes, emigration and immigration records, and kibbutz records documenting Felix, Martin, and Sophie Librach's emigration from Germany and Poland to Palestine in the 1930s, their lives in Palestine and Israel, their parents' experiences in Łódź, and Felix’s involvement with the kibbutz in Hulata.
    Biographical materials include identification papers for Felix Librach and obituaries for Martin Librach.
    Correspondence files primarily consist of letters and postcards from Martin Librach in Germany, Poland, Palestine, and Israel to Felix Librach in Palestine and Israel describing Martin’s health, emigration plans, and life in Israel and conveying greetings and news. Additional correspondence from friends in Germany, the Netherlands, Palestine, and Israel also conveys greetings and news.
    Diaries and notes include small diaries and notes by Felix Librach.
    Emigration and immigration records include correspondence and printed materials from German and Palestinian organizations aiding the Librachs with their emigration plans, a Palestine Department of Health form, Felix Librach’s Palestinian certificate of naturalization, tickets, a packing list, and an address list.
    Kibbutz Hulata materials include correspondence, notes, newsletters, and drafts of newsletters documenting Felix Librach’s involvement with the kibbutz in Hulata.
    Date
    inclusive:  1934-1965
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
    Collection Creator
    Felix Librach
    Biography
    Felix (Shraga) Librach was born in 1919 in Halle, Germany, to Avram (Abram/Adolf) Librach (1891-1941) and Gutta (Gitel/Gizela) Librach (1891-1942). He emigrated to Palestine in 1935 with Youth Aliyah, worked in agriculture on a kibbutz, and became a citizen in 1945. His German-born sister Sophie (1917- ?) also emigrated to Palestine with Youth Aliyah. Their brother Martin (1915-1965) was born in Łódź, active in socialist and Zionist groups in Germany, expelled into Poland in 1938, and emigrated to Palestine illegally in 1939. Avram and Gutta Librach were also expelled into Poland during the Polenaktion with Martin in October 1938 because they had been born in Widawa and Łódź before moving to Halle and never obtained German citizenship. Avram died in the Łódź ghetto in 1941, and Gutta was killed at Chełmno in 1942.

    Physical Details

    Language
    Hebrew German
    Genre/Form
    Diaries.
    Extent
    1 box
    System of Arrangement
    The Felix Librach papers are arranged as five series: I. Biographical materials, 1935-1965, II. Correspondence, 1934-1965, III. Diaries and notes, 1934-1945, IV. Emigration and immigration, 1934-1945, V. Kibbutz Hulata, 1939-1958

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    Acquired, October 2012.
    Funding Note
    The acquisition of this collection was made possible by The Abraham and Ruth Goldfarb Family Acquisition Fund.
    The cataloging of this collection has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-25 09:58:54
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn48166