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Antisemitic flyer acquired by a French Jewish child in hiding

Object | Accession Number: 1991.209.6

Antisemitic propaganda flyer found pinned to a wall and acquired by Rudy Appel in wartime France. The image depicts a louse-like caricature of a Jew and compares Jews to well-known diseases. This message draws upon centuries-old antisemitic stereotypes of Jews as dirty and vectors of disease. Pejoratives such as “dirty Jew” and antisemitic myths such as a Jewish odor caused by bad hygiene or a poor diet were common during the 19th century. Rudy was living with his parents and brother in Mannheim, Germany, when Adolf Hitler and the Nazis came to power in January 1933. Following the Kristallnacht pogroms in November 1938, Rudy’s father Julius was imprisoned in Dachau concentration camp, and his brother, Martin, immigrated to the United States. Julius followed when he was released from Dachau in January 1939. Rudy was sent to a school in Rotterdam, Netherlands, while his mother, Rose, fled to Belgium. When Germany invaded western Europe in May 1940, Rudy joined his mother in Belgium. The pair attempted to escape to unoccupied southern France, but were arrested near Angouleme and sent to Rivesaltes internment camp. In September 1942, Rudi was among a group of children escorted by Friedel Reiter (later Bohny-Reiter) to Le Chambon sur Lignon, a Protestant village in southern France. He was placed in La Guespy, a children’s home in the town operated by Secours Suisse aux Enfants (Swiss Society for Children’s Aid). Rudy was able to resume schooling and lived in relative safety due to the entire town’s dedication to helping refugees. The region surrounding Chambon was liberated by the Free French First Armored Division on September 2-3. After the war, Rudy reunited with his mother and in November 1946, they immigrated to the United States.

Artwork Title
TUBERCULOSE SYPHILIS CANCER SONT GUÉRISSABLES…
Alternate Title
TUBERCULOSIS SYPHILIS CANCER ARE CURABLE...
Date
acquired:  approximately 1942-approximately 1945
Geography
acquired: France
Language
French
Classification
Posters
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Rudy Appel
 
Record last modified: 2022-05-27 11:39:32
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn4822