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Bloch family papers

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 1998.A.0160

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    Bloch family papers

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    The papers of the Bloch family papers include biographical information as well as records documenting claims made by Norbert and Gretel Bloch and Käthe Bremer to receive restitution for losses and damages suffered under the Third Reich.
    Biographical materials include family trees; birth, marriage, and death certificates; passports and identity cards; travel papers; naturalization papers; school records; and vaccination records for Norbert and Gretel Bloch and Käthe Bremer as well as for Max and Hildegard Chodowski and Amalie and Gertrude Sichel.
    Claims include the burning and looting of the family's department store, Bloch & Bremer, during Kristallnacht and its subsequent forced liquidation at sub-market prices; monies paid under the punitive Jewish Property Tax (Judenvermögensabgabe) and the Capital Flight Tax (Reichsfluchtsteuer), and through the selective application of economic organs such as the Foreign Exchange (Devisenstelle) and the German Gold Discount Bank; confiscation and theft of property by the Gestapo, including a packed shipping container (“lift”) Bloch had sent to Italy; the loss of bank account holdings, the contents of a safety deposit box, an automobile, and securities; unpaid insurance policies and mortgages; and physical and mental suffering from Gestapo questioning, a nervous breakdown following Kristallnacht, and the
    aggravation of Bloch’s diabetes. The records also document the family’s efforts to track the fates of Ida Bloch, Lina Bloch, and Frieda Bremer. Records dating from the Third Reich include business records, banking and investment records, insurance records, tax records, receipts, and correspondence relating to the liquidation of the Bloch & Bremer department store. Documents from later decades include correspondence with courts, lawyers, and government bodies; legal decisions; forms; and occasional newspaper clippings.
    inclusive:  1895-1996
    Collection Creator
    Bloch family
    Norbert Bloch (1896-1977) was part owner of the Seesen, Germany department store Bloch & Bremer, established by Bloch's father, Josef Bloch, and uncle, Max Bremer, in 1898. Norbert Bloch's mother Ida Bloch, his aunt Frieda Bremer, and his cousin Käthe Bremer were also part owners. The store was burned down during Kristallnacht, and the business was subsequently liquidated by the German government. Bloch married Gretchen Bella (Gretel) Bloch in February 1939, and the couple immigrated to the United States in November 1939. Bloch's mother died at Theresienstadt in 1944, and his mother-in-law, Lina Bloch, and his aunt, Frieda Bremer, were also both deported and are assumed to have died in concentration camps.

    Physical Details

    6 boxes
    System of Arrangement
    The collection is arranged as two series:
    Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1895-1899, 1908-1926, 1939, 1944-1948, 1953, 1961-1965, 1970, 1977, 1990, 1996
    Series 2: Claims, 1919-1977

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received these papers from Sanford Shore on June 9, 1998. Sanford Shore is the executor for Norbert and Gretel Bloch's estate.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this collection has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-02-24 13:56:38
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