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Arnold Hartmann correspondence

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2000.63

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    Arnold Hartmann correspondence

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    The Arnold Hartmann correspondence documents Hartmann’s efforts to help his Breslau cousins flee Germany during the Holocaust and either join their relatives who had already emigrated to Shanghai, Montevideo, or La Paz or immigrate to the United States.
    Hartmann’s correspondents include his cousins Philipp and Regine Hartmann in Breslau; their older daughter Meta and her husband Bruno Oszlowski who traveled from Breslau to Montevideo; their younger daughter Erna Hartmann who traveled from Breslau to La Paz and married Max Kissinger; cousins Martin and Jette Beil, also in Breslau; cousin Marianna Armer who traveled from Breslau to Shanghai; Marianna Armer’s daughters Margarete Armer Goldberger and Selma Weissfisch in Shanghai and son Moritz Teuber in Manila; cousin Louis Hartmann in Sao Paolo; and Elsa Hartmann whom Arnold Hartmann tried to assist although she was not a direct relation.
    The relatives’ letters describe the German liquidation of Jewish businesses and expropriation of funds, the poverty and illness of emigrant life in South America and Shanghai, ongoing concerns for the wellbeing of relatives remaining in Germany, and a cycle of desperation, hope, and disappointment that characterized various emigration plans. The German letters are usually accompanied by English translations provided for example by the Boston Committee for Refugees or Egan Berliner for Hartmann who was not fluent in German. Hartmann’s replies describe the decline of business opportunities in America during the Depression and World War II.
    The files also include photographs of Philipp and Regine Hartmann, Margarete Armer Goldberger, Selma Weissfisch and her child, and Erna and Max Kissinger’s restaurant in La Paz and correspondence with banks, the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society, the Hamburg‐America Line, the Hilfsverein der Deutschen Juden, the Boston Committee for Refugees, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Inc., and other travel agencies and aid societies.
    The collection further includes business and travel letters dated 1936‐1938, mostly relating to Hartmann’s real estate business during a 1938 trip to Buenos Aires.
    Philipp Hartmann was deported to Theresienstadt in July 1942 and died there in April 1943, and Regine Hartmann is believed to have died there as well. Martin and Jette Beil are believed to have been deported to Poland during the war and to have perished. Erna Hartmann is believed to have died in La Paz in 1941 or 1942. Margarete Armer Goldberger, Marianna Armer, and Selma Weissfisch survived the war in Shanghai, and Selma Weissfisch eventually immigrated to Israel.
    inclusive:  1936-1949
    Collection Creator
    Arnold Hartmann
    Arnold Hartmann (1878-1962) was born in Schildberg, Germany, to Solomon Hartmann and Rosalia Grabowski. The family settled in Boston, MA in 1880. Hartmann married Blanche Lyons in 1912, and the couple had two children, Rosalie and Arnold Jr. Hartmann worked in the leather and wool business before becoming a successful real estate developer in Newton. His projects included the Oak Hill Village in Newton, he served as treasurer of the Kernwood Country Club and of the Greater Boston Federated Jewish Charities, and he was a life member of the New England Home Builders Association. During the 1930s and 1940s he worked to assist the emigration and immigration efforts of his cousins who remained in Germany.

    Physical Details

    English German
    1 box
    System of Arrangement
    The Arnold Hartmann correspondence is arranged as a single series: I. Correspondence, 1936-1949

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received this correspondence from Joan Rosenfeldt during a collection trip in New York for the Year 2000 Displaced persons project.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this collection has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-02-24 13:57:12
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