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Vera Nussenbaum papers

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2000.86

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    Vera Nussenbaum papers

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    The Vera Nussenbaum papers include biographical materials and correspondence documenting Vera Nussenbaum’s travel to England on a Kindertransport, her family’s efforts to emigrate, her uncle’s death in Sachsenhausen, and her mother, aunt, and grandmother’s deportation to Riga.
    The materials in this collection refer to Vera Lichawski, using the last name of Nusenbaum’s mother’s second husband.
    Biographical materials include a vaccination certificate, birth certificate, and questionnaire for the accommodation of foreign children for Vera Lichawski.
    The letters dating from 1938‐1940 are from Vera’s mother, aunt and uncle Gertrude and Abraham Grünbaum and cousin Paula, aunt and uncle Clara and Adolf Koppold, and grandmother Rose Schmulewitz. They relate the family’s experiences in Leipzig, efforts to emigrate, and time Yetta spent in Lodz trying to obtain a divorce in late summer 1939.
    The letters from family friend Marjane Mitdank describe her own experiences in Leipzig during the war; relate the experiences of Vera Nussenbaum’s mother and her Schmulewitz, Grünbaum, and Koppold relatives; and the 1942 deportation of Nussenbaum’s mother, aunt, and grandmother to Riga. The letters are accompanies by a 1961 affidavit signed by Nussenbaum describing Mitdank’s letters.
    inclusive:  1926-1961
    Collection Creator
    Vera Nussenbaum
    Vera Nussenbaum was born Vera Ribetzki in 1925 in Leipzig to Leo Ribetzki and Yetta Schmulewitz Ribetzki. She left Germany for England on a Kindertransport in November 1938 and lived with the Staff family in Norwich until immigrating to the United States in 1947. Her cousins came to England in 1939. Her uncle Adolf Koppold died in Sachsenhausen in 1940. In 1942 her mother, grandmother Rose Schmulewitz, and aunt Clara Koppold were transported to Riga and are believed to have died in Theresienstadt.
    An oral history interview with Nussenbaum dated January 2, 1997, which forms part of the USC Shoah Foundation Institute Visual History Archive, can be accessed via the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Library. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum also holds the Paula Balkin correspondence, donated by Nussenbaum’s cousin Paula Balkin, containing additional correspondence complementing the Vera Nussenbaum papers.

    Physical Details

    7 folders
    System of Arrangement
    The Vera Nussenbaum papers are arranged as two series: I. Biographical materials, 1926-1938, II: Correspondence, 1938-1961

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received this correspondence from Vera Nussenbaum on March 31, 2000.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this collection has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-02-24 13:58:09
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