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Out of the hell of Minsk into the 'paradise' of Theresienstadt

Document | Not Digitized | Accession Number: 1992.A.039 | RG Number: RG-02.048

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    Includes a copy of a German-language printed version of "Aus der Hölle Minsk in der 'Paradies' Theresienstadt" by Dr. Karl Loewenstein, accompanied by an undated English translation by Bernard Ahrend. The article is Loewenstein's account of events in Theresienstadt (Terezín) during his imprisonment. Among the things described are the deportation of Jews from the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia to the camp, the role of the SS in the camp, the "self administration" of the Jewish elders, the treatment of children and the elderly, and the liberation of the camp by the Red Army.
    Collection Creator
    Karl Loewenstein
    Karl Loewenstein (1887-1976) was born to Jewish parents in Siegen, Germany, and in 1917 he married Margot Hamburger, who also came from a Jewish family. In 1919, however, he converted to Christianity as a Lutheran. After having served as a naval officer during World War I, he worked as a director of a bank in Berlin, named Busse and Co. He was active in a Lutheran parish in Berlin-Weissensee, and in the 1930s, was one of the founders of a Confessing Church congregation that split from that parish. Due to his involvement in the Confessing Church, as well as his Jewish background, he was arrested in November 1941 and deported to the Minsk Ghetto. In May 1942 he was transferred to Theresienstadt, where he was appointed by the camp commandant to supervise the security services in the ghetto, including the fire brigade. He survived the war and following liberation, he moved to Great Britain, where one son lived, and then to Australia, where another son (Fred Lowen) lived, before returning to Berlin, where he lived the remainder of his days.

    Physical Details

    German English
    1 folder
    System of Arrangement
    Arrangement is thematic

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    The donor, source institution, or a third party has asserted copyright over some or all of these material(s). The Museum does not own the copyright for the material and does not have authority to authorize use. For permission, please contact the rights holder(s).

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Holder of Originals
    Hella Bailin
    The original "Aus der Hölle Minsk .." by Dr. Karl Loewenstein was published sometime after the Holocaust. A photocopy of this German-language publication was donated by Hella Bailin to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives on 25 Feb. 1992. An English-language translation by Bernard Ahrend was donated by Bailin on 14 Feb. 1992.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-25 13:13:24
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