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Lorenz Schmuhl papers

Document | Accession Number: 1995.A.1119 | RG Number: RG-10.137

The Lorenz Schmuhl papers consist of correspondence, writings, diaries, photographs, and documents relating to Major Lorenz Schmuhl's service as the first American commander of the Buchenwald concentration camp after liberation and his work at a DP camp in Wiesbaden, Germany. The collection also includes information about Karl Koch, Kommandant of Buchenwald during World War II, and his wife, Ilse Koch, as well as testimonies and writing about Buchenwald and Lorenz. Photographs include originals and copies of Buchenwald during and after the war.

Correspondence includes letters, announcements, reports, and other documents regarding requests for assistance, war crime investigations, invitations for gatherings, and other official business as well as some personal correspondence relating to Lorenz’s time as commander of Buchenwald and his work at a DP camp in Wiesbaden. The series also includes correspondence from the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force.

The Buchenwald series includes a blank identification card for internees, programs and correspondence for a memorial service, and reports on activity at the camp. The series also includes newspaper clippings relating to the war, Ilse Kock, and interviews with Lorenz about his wartime experiences.

Writings include articles and papers relating to tattooing in camps and the development of Buchenwald. The article First American Commander of Buchenwald, by R.P. Harrison is based off of an interview with Lorenz and includes enlarged photographs of original images along with captions. This series also includes two diaries written in English by Lorenz Schmuhl from 1942-1945 documenting his time stationed at Fort Benjamin Harrison and his wartime experiences including entries from when he first entered Buchenwald and throughout his time stationed there and at the DP camp. Also included is testimony a several poems provided by various people, some anonymous, acquired by Lorenz.

Photographs include an album as well as originals and enlarged copies of Buchenwald during the war and post-liberation including images of Karl and Ilse Koch.

Date
inclusive:  1918-1985
bulk:  1939-1945
Language
English
German
Extent
2 box
1 oversize box
3 oversize folders
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Robert Schmuhl and Charles Crowley
 
Record last modified: 2021-05-07 13:07:28
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn505278