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Buchenwald Standort-Kantine concentration camp scrip, 3 Reichsmark, with an inscription found by a US soldier

Object | Accession Number: 2012.302.3

Inscribed three Reichsmark Buchenwald Kantine coupon found by Master Sergeant Harold Alden Hornbeck following the liberation of Buchenwald concentration camp on April 11, 1945. Buchenwald opened on July 19, 1937, and issued undated notes in .5, 1, 2and 3 mark denominations. On March 5, 1941, Harold enlisted in the Army and was assigned to the 883rd Field Artillery Battalion, 70th Infantry Division. In December 1941, the United States entered World War II. In January 1945, Harold’s Division was deployed to France as part of the Seventh Army. The 70th advanced through France, and on March 20, took Saarbrucken, Germany. In April, the Division joined the Third Army. On April 11, US soldiers liberated Buchenwald. Harold was among those soldiers, and wrote about the terrible conditions there in a censored letter to his family. On May 7, 1945, Germany surrendered and the 70th Infantry Division remained on occupational duty until deactivation in October 1945.

found:  1945 April
found: Buchenwald (Concentration camp); Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
Exchange Media
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Meda F. Hornbeck
Record last modified: 2023-08-25 17:19:56
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