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Oral history interview with Fritz Heine

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1989.67.37 | RG Number: RG-50.012.0037

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    Oral history interview with Fritz Heine


    Interview Summary
    Fritz Heine, born on December 6, 1904 in Hanover, Germany, describes his family and childhood; losing his mother during World War I; joining the Social Democratic Party in the 1920s; becoming the Joint Secretary of the Social Democratic Party when he was 21 years old; the Social Democratic Party being outlawed in 1933; the organization of the suppressed political parties in Nazi Germany; being chief of propaganda for the SDP; how the SDP continued during the Nazi reign; how his main effort was protecting the party, although he helped some Jews; helping about 100 to 150 people to escape; his efforts translating German newspapers, telegraphs, etc. for the British; his capture and internment for subversive political activities in 1940; escaping to Spain and then Portugal; attending the first conference of the liberated Social Democratic Party in October 1945; remaining as an executive member of the Social Democratic Party until 1958; and getting married to a politically active woman in 1961.
    Fritz Heine
    Gay Block
    Malka Drucker
    interview:  1988 July 26

    Physical Details

    Oral histories.
    1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Heine, Fritz, 1904-

    Administrative Notes

    Holder of Originals
    Gay Block
    Gay Block and Malka Drucker produced the interview with Fritz Heine on July 26, 1988, for their book "Rescuers: Portraits of Moral Courage in the Holocaust," Holmes & Meier, 1992, as well as their documentary film "They Risked Their Lives: Rescuers of the Holocaust." The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Branch received the tapes of the interviews from Malka Drucker and Gay Block in March 1989.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 07:58:46
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