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Archiv Josef Fišera

Document | Not Digitized | Accession Number: 1999.A.0069 | RG Number: RG-43.028M

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    The collection primarily consists of documents related to Josef Fišera, a Czech national, and his involvement as a volunteer in the Spanish Civil War and with the French Resistance during the Second World War.
    Alternate Title
    Josef Fišera Archive
    inclusive:  1912-1998
    Collection Creator
    Josef Fišera
    Josef Fǐsera was active in the Czech organization "Relief Committee for Republican Spain," which sent fully equipped hospitals with doctors and nurses to help those fighting against Franco during the Spanish Civil War. Fišera volunteered in Spain for several months and traveled about Czechoslovakia and other countries raising support for Republican Spain. After the 1938 Munich Pact, the Czech government confiscated his passport because of his association with Jan Masaryk. Escaping to France, Fišera enrolled in the Sorbonne where he met some of the professors who would help him in his resistance activities during World War II. With the aid of the Czech government in exile in London, the Œuvre de Sécours des Enfants, the Joint Distribution Committee, antifascist prelates and, notably, Donald Lowrie of the Young Men's Christian Association, he formed Maison d'Accueil Chrétienne pour Enfants (MACE), which aided the many refugee children pouring into France. In Oct. 1943 he was arrested by the S.S. He was beaten and interrogated in connection with his activities in occupied France. When released, he went into hiding and joined the Rossi resistance group in Gascogne, where he stayed until the liberation of Paris in Aug. 1944. From Sept. 1944 to late 1945, Fišera worked for the Czech Consulate of the government in exile in Paris and continued his aid to refugee children in France.

    Physical Details

    Czech French English
    1 microfilm reel ; 16 mm.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    This material can only be accessed in a Museum reading room or other on-campus viewing station. There are no additional access restrictions to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Holder of Originals
    Archiv Josef Fišera
    Josef Fišera assembled his collection during and after World War II and maintained it in a private archives. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum International Programs Division approached Fišera and arranged for the microfilming of the archive. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the microfilm via the International Programs Division in Apr. 1999.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-28 09:14:58
    This page:

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