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Oral history interview with Rudolf Schmerl

Oral History | Accession Number: 1990.481.34 | RG Number: RG-50.062.0034

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Rudolf Schmerl, born in August 1930 outside of Berlin, Germany, describes his family; moving to Berlin in 1935; his family history; experiencing antisemitism as a child from his peers; his view of Germans; wanting to leave Germany and having difficulty; how Germany defined his family as stateless; how his father went to the United States in1938 to work as a doctor; going with his mother and grandmother on a train illegally to Czechoslovakia; being beaten at his new school; going to Prague, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic) on August 31, 1938; getting measles on the ship heading to the United States; being detained on Ellis Island; living in Harlem, NY; how his grandmother never became a U.S. citizen; leaving New York in 1941 for Louisiana; seeing racism in New Orleans; moving to Toledo, OH, and seeing the segregation; the fates of his relatives in Germany; and the lessons of the Holocaust.

Interviewee
Rudolf Schmerl
Interviewer
Judy Weightman
Date
1989 June 21  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 videocassette (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, acquired from the Hawaii Holocaust Project
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:49:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn511105