Łódź (Litzmannstadt) ghetto scrip, 20 mark coin
Litzmannstadt-Getto (Łódź, Poland);
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jan Kostański
20 mark coin issued in the Łódź ghetto in Poland in 1943. Nazi Germany occupied Poland on September 1, 1940; Łódź was renamed Litzmannstadt and annexed to the German Reich. In February, the Germans forcibly relocated the large Jewish population into a sealed ghetto. All currency was confiscated in exchange for Quittungen [receipts] that could be exchanged only in the ghetto. The scrip and tokens were designed by the Judenrat [Jewish Council] and includes traditional Jewish symbols. The Germans closed the ghetto in the summer of 1944 by deporting the residents to concentration camps or killing centers.
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:25:09
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn511435
Also in Jan Kostański collection
The collection consists of images of the Warsaw ghetto during World War II and the post-World War II period, a certificate from the Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw, Poland, and a coin from the Litzmannstadt ghetto in Poland.
The collection primarily consists of photographs depicting the Warsaw ghetto, some of which were likely taken by a prisoner known as Edek before he was deported and murdered in 1943, including people involved in food smuggling in the ghetto. Also depicted is Jan Kostański and his mother Wladyslawa Kostański, both of whom were involved with resistance activities, including hiding three members of the Wierzbicki family. Included with the collection is a certificate from the Jewish Historical Institute (Zydowski Instytut Historyczny w Polsce) in Warsaw, Poland attesting to Jan’s deeds.