- The collection documents the Holocaust-era experiences of Nahman-Leib Neuman Itzkovici, originally of Moldova, Romania. Included are three copies of the Romanian government publication Monitorul Oficial, and three military diplomas issued to Nahman-Leib Neuman Itzkovici used to avoid loss of Romanian citizenship.
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Radu Ioanid
- Collection Creator
- Nahman-Leib N. Iticovici
Nahman-Leib Neuman Itzkovici was born in 1888 in Negreşti in Moldova, Romania. A clerical error on his birth certificate listed his last name as a Branci. This was corrected by Nahman-Leib in 1934. He married Rena di Pergola and they had two sons: Harry (b. 1921) and Virgil (b. 16 December 1927-2002). During the World War I, Nahman-Leib fought in the Romanian Army in two battles: Mārāsti and Mārāseşti, for which he was decorated with three medals for his service. In January 1938 the Goga-Guza Government enacted an anti-Jewish legislation which resulted in 250,000 Jews losing their Romanian citizenship. Nahman-Leib retained his citizenship due to his WWI military decorations. Under the dictatorial regime of King Carol II the Romanian Jews suffered additional exclusion from the Romanian society. Nahman-Leib used his veteran status to ensure that his two sons could continue their education in Romanian public schools. On 6 September 1940, Ion Antonescu took power and the Neuman Iticovici children were forced to attend Jewish schools. In September 1943, Harry left Romania for Palestine, but the British authorities forced the boat to Cyprus. In 1945 Harry reached Beirut, where he studied at the American University and later immigrated to the US. Nahman-Leib provided for his family throughout the war working as a shoe salesman. In 1946, his son Virgil changed his last name to Ioanid. He studied at the Bucharest Polytechnic and became a civil engineer and taught at different universities around the world.
Rights & Restrictions
- Conditions on Access
- There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
- Conditions on Use
- Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.
Keywords & Subjects
- Holder of Originals
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
- Legal Status
- Permanent Collection
- The papers were donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum by Dr. Radu Ioanid in 2002.
- Record last modified:
- 2023-02-24 14:04:46
- This page:
Also in Nahman-Leib Neumann Itzicovici collection
The collection consists of newspapers, certificates, an identification card, and military medals won by Nahman-Leib Neumann Itzicovici donor's paternal grandfather in World War I.
The medal was awarded to Nahman-Leib Neumann Itzicovici donor's paternal grandfather for his service in the Romanian Army during World War I.