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Oral history interview with Rachael Frydman

Oral History | Accession Number: 1992.A.0123.1.2 | RG Number: RG-50.035.01.0002

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Rachael Frydman (née Alperowicz), born May 8, 1926, discusses her life in a Kurzeniec, Poland (now Kurenets, Belarus) before World War II; the lack of a Jewish ghetto in her town because it was so small; how the Germans arrived abruptly in June 1941; her sister leaving with a neighbor; how there was no full government established yet, only the army; how once the Gestapo came, gold and silver was demanded from everyone via the Jewish Committee; the selection process, during which individuals age 16 and up were taken away; being made to work; how just before the high holidays approximately 50 men and a few women, including her neighbors across the street and two cousins, were slaughtered in the streets and how one man escaped; the specific men who committed atrocities; working as a cleaning lady; the liquidation three days before the high holiday; hiding with her family in a false attic her brother had built; a neighbor reporting on them to the Germans; a family down the street committing suicide by starting a fire; sneaking out of the attic and hiding in the woods and losing track of her brother; living in a hole in the ground with 18 people; her mother being caught; how the forest was divided by numbers and each village had a part of the forest; the Germans surrounding their area of the forest on April 29, 1943; escaping the Germans; not joining partisan groups but making them food; the rainy summer of 1943; hearing that her brother was alive in the Vilna ghetto; going to several villages before returning to the woods; hearing that her brother was sent to Estonia; searching for her brother in villages, partisan groups, and the forest; finding him in the forest; and being shot at by German soldiers, but avoiding being hit by running in a zig-zag.

Interviewee
Rachael Frydman
Date
1987 May 19  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
4 videocassettes (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:38:24
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn511609