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Ruth Szmarag papers

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2002.404

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    Ruth Szmarag papers

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    The Ruth Szmarag papers include poems, plays, a diary, and photographs relating to Ruth Szmarag’s pre-war and wartime experiences in Vienna and in hiding in Belgium. The poems, plays, and diary were written by Ruth during her time in hiding. The collection also includes pre-war photographs of Ruth and her family in Vienna as well as wartime photographs of Ruth and her mother, Flora, while in hiding and immediately after liberation in Belgium.
    inclusive:  1933-1948
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ruth Szmarag
    Collection Creator
    Ruth Szmarag
    Ruth Szmarag (b. 1935) was born in Vienna, Austria to Sigmond (Nussim Zelig) Szmarga (1896-1942) and Flora Blima Schindler (1901-1982). The family spoke German and had Socialist beliefs. In 1939, after Kristalnacht, Sigmond, Flora, Ruth, and Flora’s younger brother, Philippe fled Austria to Brussels, Belgium. Sigmond was arrested and sent to France where he was imprisoned in the Drancy internment camp. On August 19, 1942 Sigmond was sent to Auschwitz where he was killed.

    After Sigmund’s arrest, Flora and Ruth tried to join him in France, but did not succeed. In late 1941, Philippe rented a house for Ruth, Flora, and the Sinaiberger family including Hans, Steffi, and their son George. The Sinaiberger family lived on the third floor, Ruth and her mother lived on the second floor, and a non-Jewish couple lived on the first floor in order to provide protection. Philippe lived in a house close by. During her time in hiding Ruth wrote plays and acted them out with George and George's father taught Ruth how to read. They remained in hiding until after liberation. After the war Ruth attended school and later went to medical school. Ruth spent three years in Israel and later immigrated to the United States where she continued her work as a child psychiatrist.

    Physical Details

    Diaries. Photographs.
    4 folders
    System of Arrangement
    The Ruth Szmarag papers are arranged as a single series:

    Folder 1: Diary, 1942-1945
    Folder 2: Poems and plays, approximately 1945
    Folder 3: Vienna, 1933-1938
    Folder 4: Brussels, approximately 1939-1948.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Brussels (Belgium)
    Personal Name
    Szmarag, Ruth, 1935-

    Administrative Notes

    The Ruth Szmarag papers were donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum by Ruth Szmarag in 2002.
    Funding Note
    The accessibility of this collection was made possible by the generous donors to our crowdfunded Save Their Stories campaign.
    Special Collection
    Save Their Stories
    Record last modified:
    2024-04-11 13:18:43
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