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Hungarian Jewish memorial book saved by a family while in hiding in Budapest

Publication | Accession Number: 1999.282.3

Memorial book, Kegyelet, received by Malvina Kornhauser at the funeral for her husband Samu Kornhauser, who died July 19, 1935, in Budapest, Hungary. The book contains an obituary for Samu, as well as mourner's prayers for various family members. Malvina used the book to press flowers (1999.282.3.1) from his funeral, between pages 10 and 11, the widow's prayer. The book was preserved during the war by Malvina, her daughter Margit Pick and Margit's husband Istvan and son Gyorgy. Malvina, ten year old Gyorgy, and his parents lived in hiding in Budapest, Hungary, from November 1944-January 1945. Hungary was an ally of Nazi Germany and adopted discriminatory anti-Jewish laws similar to those in Germany. Istvan was conscripted into Hungarian labor battalions in 1940, 1943, and 1944. In March 1944, Germany invaded Hungary. That June, Gyorgy, his mother, and maternal grandmother Malvina were forced to move to a designated Jews only yellow star building. In November, Istvan escaped his battalion and went into hiding in Budapest at a textile factory on Csango Street where nearly 200 other Jews were also hiding. On November 22, Istvan sent for Margit and Gyorgy. In December, the Jewish owner, Imre Kormos, of this factory and three others where people were hiding, was betrayed to the Gestapo. The factory was raided December 2, but the police accepted bribes to not make arrests. On December 17, the Pick family went to the central ghetto in order to avoid being caught. On January 18, 1945, they were liberated by the Soviet Army, and returned to their own apartment. They were reunited with Malvina, who had hidden in the international ghetto. Over 160 members of Gyorgy's extended family perished in the Holocaust.

Title
Kegyelet
Date
1935  (publication/distribution)
Geography
publication : Budapest (Hungary)
Language
Hungarian
Hebrew
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of George Pick
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Record last modified: 2018-11-05 16:13:56
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn512929