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Oral history interview with Nicole Denier Long

Oral History | Accession Number: 2003.279 | RG Number: RG-50.785.0001

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Nicole Long (née Denier), born January 27, 1921, describes coming of age in Paris, France; life in France during WWII; her youthful views on events of the time, including the lead-up to the German occupation of Paris; the evacuation with women and children by train from Paris to Limoges, France; returning to Paris during the occupation and observing the changes; the German soldiers; the parsing of Jewish heritage with Catholic or Protestant heritage; the early raids and roundups; the separation of mothers and children; the German encouragement of children being taken in advance of night raids; her decision to volunteer in the French Resistance; her work in the French underground and being paired with young men under the pretense of being lovers; her work smuggling arms, leaflets, and children by train from Paris to Southern France; retrieving Jewish babies, toddlers, and young children from mothers targeted for deportation, even delivering babies and taking the newborns, and smuggling them one at a time by night train to a Catholic convent in Italy; being arrested by French police along with her mother; being released by the French police just before they were meant to be loaded onto a truck and sent to Auschwitz; the liberation of Paris; the stoning and mistreatment of collaborators; and working after the war in Switzerland to help refugees who were rescued from the camps and assisting those who were psychologically impacted by their experience in the camps. (Note that there is another interview with Nicole Long, see RG-50.030.0474)

Interviewee
Nicole D. Long
Date
approximately 1969  (interview)
Geography
creation : Washington (D.C.)
Language
English
Extent
1 videotape reel (1" Type C) : sound, black and white ; 1 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-03-02 11:51:05
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn512933