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Luftwaffe teaspoon acquired by a Romanian Jewish woman at Salzwedel

Object | Accession Number: 2002.467.3

Teaspoon with the Nazi German Luftwaffe insignia engraved on the end. The spoon was acquired by Elisabet Goldstein in 1945 while a prisoner at Salzwedel, a wire and metal goods factory that was a satellite of Neuengamme concentration camp in Germany. Elisabet was from Cluj, Romania. After the area was annexed to Hungary in 1940, Jews suffered economically and physically. Germany occupied Hungary in March 1944, and in May, Elisabet and her family, along with 18,000 other Jewish people in the area, were sent to the Kolozsvár ghetto. Within a month the ghetto was liquidated and the prisoners were transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center. Elisabet’s parents were killed upon arrival and her two brothers and her husband, Isidor, were sent to Buchenwald. Elisabet was sent to several camps in Germany, including subcamps of Gross-Rosen and Neuengamme, where she was a forced laborer in various factories. She was sent to Salzwedel satellite camp only a few weeks before it was liberated by the 84th Infantry Division of the US Army on April 14, 1945. After liberation, Elisabet traveled to Buchenwald and was reunited with her brother Eugen. Her brother Josef had already been released. It is likely her husband, Isidor, perished at Buchenwald. She and her brothers eventually returned to Cluj.

Date
1937  (manufacture)
approximately 1945 April  (acquired)
Geography
acquired : Salzwedel (Concentration camp); Saxony-Anhalt (Germany)
Language
German
Classification
Household Utensils
Category
Flatware
Genre/Form
Tableware.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Elisabet Goldstein
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Record last modified: 2018-08-21 10:54:03
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn513122