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Mimosa 6.5 x 9 cm sheet film box used by US soldier

Object | Accession Number: 2000.526.5

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    Mimosa 6.5 x 9 cm sheet film box used by US soldier
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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Mimosa sheet film box used by Sergeant Walter E. Hunkler, medical technician, 160th Field Artillery Battalion, 45th Infantry Division, known as the Thunderbirds, from June 1943 to September 1945. The box held 6.5 x 9 cm film sheets which would fit the Tenax camera that he used during the war.In July 1943, Walter entered combat in Sicily and then advanced with his unit through Italy, France, and Germany. Walter’s unit was with the 157th Infantry when, on April 29, they arrived with the 45th Infantry at and liberated Dachau concentration camp in Germany. There were nearly 30,000 starving and dying prisoners in need of aid. Walter photographed the camp and prisoners with one of the two cameras that he carried. Walter’s Dachau photographs are part of this collection, 2000.526.1. Walter was awarded a Bronze Star for bravery while tending the wounded.
    Date
    use:  1945
    Geography
    manufacture: Dresden (Germany)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Roberta E. Hunkler
    Markings
    top, paper label : Mimosa-Platte / Panchroma-Studio-Antihalo / ca. 28°Scheiner · Panchromatisch / 12 stück Grösse : 6 ½ x 9 / Nur in völlig dunklem Raum zu öffnen. / To be opened only in a quite dark room. / N’ouvrir que dans une Chambre somber. / MADE IN GERMANY Nr. M 810 / Mimosa, A.G., Dresden A21 / 2403240 AB
    right end, paper label, black ink : Mimosa Panchr.-studio-Antihalo / 12 Stück 60738 (purple ink, stamped) 6 ½ x 9 / 2403240 AB
    Contributor
    Subject: Walter E. Hunkler
    Manufacturer: Mimosa A.G.
    Biography
    Walter Eugene Hunkler was born on February 8, 1915, in Washington, Illinois. He was the second of two children born to John and Bertha Geiger Hunkler. His parents were born in Switzerland and immigrated to the United States. John was a teamster and day laborer. Walter graduated from high school and became a bartender. He married and had a child, but later divorced.

    After the December 7, 1941, Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Germany declared war on the US and a few days later America entered World War II. On January 19, 1942, Walter was drafted into the US Army. Walter became a medical technician, assigned to a medical detachment, 160th Field Artillery Battalion, 45th Infantry Division, nicknamed the Thunderbird Division. In June 1943, the Division was deployed to Europe. Walter went into combat that July in Sicily, Italy. As the Division advanced through Italy and France, Walter participated in several campaigns: Anzio, Rome-Arno, Southern France, and Ardennes-Alsace-Battle of the Bulge. In spring 1945, the Division advanced into Germany. Walter’s unit was operating with the 157th Infantry when, on April 29, 1945, the 45th Infantry liberated Dachau concentration camp in Germany. They discovered over 30,000 survivors in the camp and 2,310 corpses on a train. Walter witnessed and photographed atrocities, the horrible camp conditions, and the surviving inmates. Following Germany’s May 7 surrender, the 45th Infantry was stationed near Dachau. Walter returned to the US in September 1945, and was honorably discharged as a Technician Fourth Grade in October. He was deployed overseas for 691 Days; 511 of them in combat. He received a Bronze Star for bravery for risking his own safety while tending to the wounded, as well as many battle stars for campaigns where his unit fought.

    Walter returned to Washington, Illinois, and worked for the Central Illinois Light Company. In October 1956, Walter married Roberta Leighton (1916 – 2007). Walter did not speak about his wartime experiences. Only once, in 1947, did he allow Roberta to see the photographs he took at Dachau before sealing them inside a storage container where they remained for over fifty years. Walter, 76, died on September 8, 1991, in Peoria, Illinois.

    Physical Details

    Language
    English French German
    Classification
    Containers
    Category
    Boxes
    Object Type
    Cartons (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    Rectangular, light brown cardboard box base and telescoping lid covered with black paper. The lid sides have small, scalloped finger indentations. Along the lid rim and base bottom are remnants of an original paper tape seal. Two paper product labels with German text are glued to the lid; the text on the top has been colored with pencil.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 1.000 inches (2.54 cm) | Width: 4.000 inches (10.16 cm) | Depth: 2.875 inches (7.303 cm)
    Materials
    overall : cardboard, paper, ink, adhesive, paper tape, pencil
    Inscription
    top, paper label, upper left corner, pencil : 1,35

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The box was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2000 by Roberta E. Hunkler, on behalf of the Estate of her husband, Walter E. Hunkler.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-25 16:40:44
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn513205

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