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Oral history interview with Herbert Pundik

Oral History | RG Number: RG-50.391.0003

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Herbert Pundik discusses the German invasion of Denmark in April 1940, at which time he was a 12-year-old a Jewish student living in Copenhagen; the first three years of the occupation and the passiveness of the Danes; the history of the Jews in Denmark; helping with the resistance movement’s illegal press activities; the effect upon him of the Danish government’s mass resignation on August 29, 1943; the attempts of the Germans to identify and arrest Jews on October 1-3, 1943, and the subsequent conditions that made escape from Denmark necessary and possible, including the role of local hospitals and the medical community; his own rescue and that of his parents, sister, and brother; the cooperation of the Danish police forces with escapees and the underground until September 1944, when the Germans arrested many of them; the establishment and financing of escape routes; the attitude of the German Wehrmacht; the Nazi race program against Jews in Denmark; the visit by Nazi official Adolf Eichmann to investigate how the arrest order only caught about 500 Jews of the 7000 in Denmark; and his activities and those of other Danes after escaping to Sweden, including schooling, the formation of a Danish armored brigade, and its return to liberate Denmark on May 5, 1945.

Interviewee
Herbert Pundik
Date
1994 June 10  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
2 videocassette (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Chalice Well Productions
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Record last modified: 2018-12-06 10:30:55
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn513386