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Yellow cardboard badge with Croatian Z for Jew worn by a Sephardic Jewish man

Object | Accession Number: 1988.27.2

Jewish paper identification badge with a Z for Zidov, Jew in Croatian, worn by Leon Kabiljo beginning in May 1941 after Yugoslavia was invaded and partitioned by the German led Axis Alliance in April. Leon and his wife Shary, Sephardic Jews, married the day of the invasion. They lived in Travnik, which had become part of the Independent State of Croatia under the Fascist Ustasa who viciously persecuted Jews, Serbs, and Muslims. Three times, Leon escaped being taken for forced labor. In December 1941, he acquired false papers and fled to Italian occupied Yugoslavia, where Shary joined him. In September 1943, Italy surrendered and German troops arrived to take over the territory. Leon and Shary were in Split and went briefly into hiding with the partisans. They then went to the Adriatic Coast and managed to get to a displaced persons camp in liberated Bari, Italy. In summer 1944, they were among 1000 Jewish refugees escorted by Ruth Gruber to Fort Ontario Emergency Refugee Shelter in Oswego, New York. Nearly all the members of Leon and Shary's large extended families perished.

use:  after 1941 April-1943
use: Croatia
Identifying Artifacts
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Leon Kabiljo
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:28:33
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