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Brown burlap covered trunk used postwar by a young German Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2003.242.2 a-b

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    Brown burlap covered trunk used postwar by a young German Jewish refugee
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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Brown burlap covered plywood trunk used by 16 year old Dorit Isaacsohn and her mother Gertrud during their November 1949 emigration from Berlin, Germany, to the United States. By the late 1930’s, Dorit’s parents had lost their livelihood because of the anti-Semitic policies of the Nazi regime. Dorit, age 6, was sent to Brussels on a Kindertransport in 1939. Germany invaded Belgium in May 1940 and Dorit was returned to her parents in Berlin in 1941. On February 27, 1943, Dorit and her family had to separate to go into hiding. Dorit stayed with a family friend, a cousin, and her father Julius in Berlin. In fall 1943, Dorit left Berlin to live with her mother at a farm in Wilkersdorf. Shortly after, her father was betrayed by his nephew Rolf and deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau on October 23, where he was killed. Dorit and her mother traveled around eastern Germany until January 1945, when they were liberated by Soviet forces in Wilkersdorf.
    Date
    emigration:  1949 November
    Geography
    received: Berlin (Germany)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Dorit Isaacsohn
    Markings
    front, base, lock plates, engraved : 4
    right side, lid, metal plate, black ink : Echt / Sperrplatten [real plywood boards]
    Contributor
    Subject: Dorit Isaacsohn
    Biography
    Dorothea (Dorit) Isaacsohn (later Dorothy Isaacsohn, 1933-2008) was born in Berlin, Germany, to Julius and Gertrud Koh Isaacsohn. Julius (1891-1943) was born in Berlin to Herrman Benjamin and Ernestine Kaiser Isaacsohn. Julius was a garment maker and coat and suit designer who imported his own fabrics. Gertrud (1901-1978) was born in Gratz, Germany (Grodzisk Wielkopolski, Poland), to Alex and Dorothea Koh. In May 1931, Julius and Gertrud married. Gertrud had a dressmaking business in their apartment and employed a non-Jewish woman, Lucie Gardner. They made a good living, lived in a predominantly Jewish area, and attended a large synagogue.

    The Nazi regime had taken power shortly before Dorit’s birth and actively began persecuting Jews. Gertrud’s employee Lucie was no longer allowed to work for a Jewish woman. In 1938, Julius and Gertrud lost their jobs. In early 1939, Dorit’s parents attempted to leave Germany, but could not get visas and permits. They sent 6 year old Dorit to Brussels, Belgium, to live with Dorit’s maternal aunt, Anna Kaufman, and her husband and stepson. Dorit’s maternal uncle Ludwig also lived in Brussels. Dorit had diphtheria when she arrived and was hospitalized, before going to live with her aunt Anna. The war began when Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939. Shortly after, on May 10, 1940, Germany invaded Belgium. Three German soldiers came to the apartment of Dorit’s aunt and took both of her uncles away. In 1941, Dorit returned to Berlin with the help of her parents and a family friend. In Berlin, Julius and Gertrud were forced to share their apartment with displaced Jewish families. Her parents were forced to work for the German government: Gertrud at a factory sewing leather army goods, and Julius at a lumber yard.

    Gertrud heard there was going to be a large roundup of Jews so on February 27, 1943, Dorit and her parents went into hiding with non-Jewish friends. Gertrud and Julius found an apartment to rent under the false name Schultz, but they had no false papers to support that claim. When they arrived, the owner refused to let them stay and the family separated. Dorit stayed with Lucie Gardner, Gertrud’s former employee, who told neighbors that Dorit was her niece. In April or May, Dorit moved into a crowded apartment with her cousin Rolf Isaacsohn, his girlfriend, Stella Goldschlag Kubler, and seven others. One summer day, Rolf and Dorit were told that Stella had been arrested by the Gestapo. Shortly after, Dorit went to live with her father Julius in the home of an apartment building janitor.

    Dorit’s mother Gertrud had left Berlin and worked as a traveling private dressmaker. She told her clients that her home had been bombed and her husband was in the army. Gertrud was living at a farm in Wilkersdorf (Krzesnica, Poland) and asked the farmer to allow Dorit to live there. The farmer agreed if Dorit brought stamps for sugar, so Julius purchased the stamps on the black market. In October 1943, Dorit went to Wilkersdorf. When they returned to Berlin for another job, they were told that Dorit’s cousin Rolf had begun working for the Gestapo and had betrayed Julius, who was arrested. Gertrud and Dorit traveled around Germany working for different clients, including the head of the Gestapo. In December 1944, they returned to Wilkersdorf to make a wedding dress for a client. In early January 1945, Soviet forces liberated the town. The Soviets demanded that the Germans march eastward, so Dorit and Gertrud walked for days, taking food from empty houses. The war ended when Germany surrendered on May 7, 1945.

    Dorit, Gertrud, and the other German refugees were forced to leave, as the area they were staying in was now Poland. While walking back to Berlin, they were unable to bathe and Dorit contracted lice and was covered in contagious sores. They arrived in July and resumed using the last name Isaacsohn. Gertrud registered with the Jewish community, but found no relatives on the survivors list. Gertrud was placed in a displaced persons camp, and Dorit was put in the Jewish hospital because of the sores. She asked concentration camp survivors if they knew her father, but no one did. Later, they learned that on October 29, 1943, Julius had been sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center in German-occupied Poland, on transport 45, and was killed. Dorit’s maternal uncle Ludwig survived several concentration camps, but the rest of their family perished. In late 1945, Gertrud was sick, so Dorit was sent to Lüneburg, Germany, and attended school for the first time. In summer 1946, she returned to Gertrud, who was healthy and had an apartment and a job as a dressmaker. They learned that during the war, Dorit’s cousin Rolf had tried to turn them over to the Gestapo, but could not find them. He escaped after the war, and left his wife Stella to be captured and tried as a collaborator by the Soviets. On October 25, 1949, Gertrud and Dorit immigrated to the United States on the USAT General Ballou. They settled in Easton, Pennsylvania. Sixteen year old Dorit changed her name to Dorothy but continued to go by Dorit. She was told she was too old to attend school, so she went to hairdressing school because she had taken an ORT course on cosmetics in Germany. Dorit worked as a hairdresser while Gertrud worked in a clothing factory and did alterations in a men’s clothing store. In 1952, they moved to Philadelphia.

    Physical Details

    Language
    English French German
    Classification
    Containers
    Category
    Luggage
    Physical Description
    Heavily used, large, rectangular, plywood trunk with a wooden frame covered in treated, brown painted, burlap, with the lid attached by 2 brown painted continuous hinges. It has 3 sets of riveted, wooden ribs with beveled ends around the lid and base, with adjacent, parallel black painted lines. There are metal bumpers on the rounded, top lid corners and metal plates on the corner edges. On the lid front are 2 hasp locks for keyhole lock plates riveted to the base. The left and right base sides have dark brown leather strap handles inserted under brackets with 1 end riveted to the trunk and a metal end stopper on the other. There are 4 metal foot studs on each side. The interior is lined with brown and offwhite patterned paper, possibly a replacement. There is a folding lid stay in the back left corner and metal shelf brackets in each corner. Exterior hardware is brass colored metal; interior hardware is silver colored. Identifying information is painted on the top. The right handle is broken and there are repaired holes.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 13.250 inches (33.655 cm) | Width: 43.125 inches (109.538 cm) | Depth: 22.000 inches (55.88 cm)
    Materials
    overall : wood, fiberboard, cloth, paint, metal, paper, adhesive, ink, string
    Inscription
    top, painted, black / J. / GERTRUD / ISAACSOHN / Un. Jew / Ap Camp / Stamfort / Conn
    front, base, label, black ink : St[?] Aufgabe am / 19 / [17?]
    right side, lid, label, green ink : Zollgut / (Für das Gut) / 60531 [Dutiable goods]
    right side, base, label, black ink : Expressgut / 8255 / Carl Berlin-Charlottenburg / von (RED Berlin) / Schalter 1 / 60229 Nummerzettel für Expressgut c/1933 [express switch 1 number list for express c/1933]
    right side, base, label, black ink: Anschrift des Empfämgers möglichst an der Stirnseite der Stücke / anbringen! Doppel der Anschrift auch in die Stücke einlegen! / - Absender. / An / in / Wohnung / Bestimmungsbahnhof: / Zulassige Vorschrift / des Absenders / (bachnlagernd USW.) 29 / Die ganze sending besteht aus Stück [Consignee address on the front side / Apply! Insert 2 addresses! / sender apartment and station of destination / permissible provision / sender / (track stock USW) / the whole consists of sending pieces]
    right side, paper tag, front, preprinted and handwritten, white and blue ink: UNITED STATES LINES / HEAVY BAGGAGE MUST BE DELIVERED AT PIER / NO LATER THAN THE DAY BEFORE SAILING / NAME Gertrude Isaacsohn / STEAMER United States / SAILING DATE Nov. 21 / FROM Bremerhaven PIER NO. / BOOKED TO New York VIA / ADDRESS AT DESTINATION / Gertrude Isaacsohn / 1719 N. 33rd. street / Philadelphia, Pa / STATEROOM / DECK B / NUMBER 97 / WANTED ON VOYAGE / PRINTED in U.S.A. 46424 / TOURIST CLASS / BAGGAGE ROOM
    right side, paper tag, back, white, blue, and black ink: U(NI?)TED ST(AT?)ES / 187(1?)0 / (?)ED STA(TES?) / LINES / I / TO(?) (?)S
    left side, lid, label, preprinted and handwritten, black ink: UNITED STATES LINES / UNITED STATES LINES COMPANY / NEW YORK / Received in Bad Order / Accepted and Shipped at Owner’s Risk / A/S/H / 53090 10M 11-55 / PTD. IN U.S.A.
    left side, lid, torn sticker, black ink : VON / (?)
    left side, base, label, white and blue ink: PLOMB DE / DOUANE / Lebhar - 51 W 11845 - 555 Mod. 1412740 [Customs Lead]
    left side, base, label, red and black ink : 22245 / One Kilos
    left side, label, white ink : UNITED STA(TES?) / TOURIST CL(ASS?)
    left side, oval label, preprinted and handwritten, white and blue ink: EXPRESS DELIVERY / TRANSPORT DE BAGGAGES AGENCE EN DOUANE / CUSTOMS BROKERS / DESTINATAIRE: / (?) G. ISAACSOHN / Berlin too / R. F. Allenagh (handwritten) / PARTIE DE 1 COLIS / TEL-44-07 / 19.BD.HAUSSMANN PARIS IX [transport of baggage customs agency / part 1 of packages]
    left side, base, partially covered label, black ink : (?A?) / W 16090.8.52 - Belays - (?)
    left side, base, label, preprinted in black and red ink, pencil : Anschrift des Empfämgers möglichst an der Stirnseite der Stücke / anbringen! Doppel der Anschrift auch in die Stücke einlegen! / - Absender. / COLLECT RECEIPT NUMBER (5075) / X 125-589 (red ink) / Date 11/25/56 / No. Places 7 / Weight / Class or I.C.C. No. / C.O.D 14.42 C.O.D. SERVICE CHARGE / Declared Value 50 / FROM / NEW YORK / N.Y. (952-A) / SPEED AND COURTEOUS SERVICE / USE / (?)AILWAY EXPRESS / (Printed in U.S.A.) / Die ganze sending besteht aus Stück [Address of the consignee as possible on the front side of the pieces / Apply! Insert double the address in the pieces! / sender / the whole consists of sending pieces]
    left side, paper tag, front, preprinted and handwritten, black and red ink, pencil : AMERICAN TAG Co BELLEVILLE, N.J. / 36397 / 7 1719 N. 33 rd. 4th st. / lsbelA / 213 / STEAMSHIP TRUCKING, INC. / Room 224, PIER 61, N.R., NEW YORK CITY, N.Y. / TEL. Chelsea 3-6760
    left side, paper tag, back, handwritten, black ink : 113

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The trunk was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2003 by Dorit Isaacsohn.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 18:28:34
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn514174

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