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6 cards with 24 mother-of-pearl buttons saved from a Jewish owned factory and given to a survivor 50 years later

Object | Accession Number: 1989.204.1

Six cards of mother-of-pearl buttons, 24 per card, totalling a gross, 144, presented to Rose Galek Brunswic in 1987 by the son of a former employee in her father's factory in Sochocin, Poland. Marceli Kochanowski's mother had saved the buttons which she had helped make in Moshe Galek's factory before the war. In November 1940, a year after the German occupation of Poland in September 1939, Raszka (Rose), her parents Moshe and Fela, and her younger sisters Deana and Sala were confined to the Warsaw ghetto. In April 1943, Raszka’s parents were shot as she watched and her sisters deported to a concentration camp and presumed killed. Raszka escaped and went into hiding. A resistance member, Jan Majewski, helped her obtain false papers as a Polish Catholic, Maria Kowalczyk. In June, she was sent as a forced laborer to a farm in Krummhardt, Germany. Raszka was liberated by US forces in April 1945. She moved to Stuttgart displaced persons camp and emigrated to the United States in 1947.

manufacture:  1937
received:  1987 July
manufacture: Sochocin (Poland)
recovery: Sochocin (Poland)
Tools and Equipment
Object Type
Buttons (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Rose Galek Brunswic, in memory of her parents Fela and Moshe Galek and her husband Claude R. Brunswic and Dr. Willy Braunschweig
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 08:57:31
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