Forced labor badge, yellow with a purple P, worn by a Polish Jewish woman in hiding as a Catholic
1943 June-1945 April
- Object Type
Forced labor badges (ushmm)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Rose Galek Brunswic, in memory of her parents, Fela and Moshe Galek
Forced labor badge with a purple P on a yellow field, worn by 23 year old Raszka Galek to mark her as a Polish forced laborer on a farm in Krummhardt, Germany, from June 1943 to April 1945. At this time, Raszka, who was Jewish, was hiding under the assumed identity of a Polish Catholic named Maria Kowalczyk. She was required to wear the badge at all times. She was caught twice without it and was severely beaten by a police officer and taken to court and fined. In November 1940, about a year after the German occupation of Poland, Rose, her parents Moshe and Fela, and sister Deana and Sala were confined to the Warsaw ghetto. In April 1943, her parents were shot by the Germans as she watched. Her sisters were deported to a concentration camp and killed. Raszka escaped and was found by resistance members who helped her get to the Aryan side of the ghetto. She was befriended by Jan Majewski, who hid her in his refugee camp until it became unsafe. Raszka then hid in a church with non-Jewish Polish people, and was discovered by German police. Raszka then was sent as forced labor to the farm, where she was liberated by American troops in April 1945. She was taken to a displaced persons camp where she married an UNRRA worker and former German held POW, Claude Brunswic. In 1947, the couple emigrated to the US.
Record last modified: 2018-06-07 13:49:14
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn514353
Also in Rose Galek Brunswic collection
The collection consists of a forced labor badge, documents, and photographs relating to the experiences of Raszka (Rose) Galek and her family during the Holocaust in the Warsaw ghetto in Poland and of Raszka when she lived under an assumed identity and was sent as a forced laborer to Germany, as well as after the war when Rose lived in a displaced placed persons camp in Germany until her emigration to the United States.
The papers consist of documents and photographs relating to the persecution of Jewry in Nazi-occupied Poland, assistance rendered to Rose Brunswic by a member of the Polish resistance, Brunswic's deportation as a compulsory laborer to Germany and her life working in Germany under an assumed identity as a Polish Christian, her life as a displaced person in the American Zone of occupied Germany, her emigration to the United States, and her subsequent efforts to gain restitution on the grounds of health and loss of freedom.