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Forced labor badge, yellow with a purple P, worn by a Polish Jewish woman in hiding as a Catholic

Object | Accession Number: 1989.285.2

Forced labor badge with a purple P on a yellow field, worn by 23 year old Raszka Galek to mark her as a Polish forced laborer on a farm in Krummhardt, Germany, from June 1943 to April 1945. At this time, Raszka, who was Jewish, was hiding under the assumed identity of a Polish Catholic named Maria Kowalczyk. She was required to wear the badge at all times. She was caught twice without it and was severely beaten by a police officer and taken to court and fined. In November 1940, about a year after the German occupation of Poland, Rose, her parents Moshe and Fela, and sister Deana and Sala were confined to the Warsaw ghetto. In April 1943, her parents were shot by the Germans as she watched. Her sisters were deported to a concentration camp and killed. Raszka escaped and was found by resistance members who helped her get to the Aryan side of the ghetto. She was befriended by Jan Majewski, who hid her in his refugee camp until it became unsafe. Raszka then hid in a church with non-Jewish Polish people, and was discovered by German police. Raszka then was sent as forced labor to the farm, where she was liberated by American troops in April 1945. She was taken to a displaced persons camp where she married an UNRRA worker and former German held POW, Claude Brunswic. In 1947, the couple emigrated to the US.

use:  1943 June-1945 April
use: Krummhardt (Germany)
Identifying Artifacts
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Rose Galek Brunswic, in memory of her parents, Fela and Moshe Galek
Record last modified: 2023-08-18 14:05:17
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