Yellow Star of David badge with the letter J worn by a Belgian Jewish boy
approximately 1942-approximately 1944
- Object Type
Star of David badges (lcsh)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Frank Siegel
Star of David patch worn by Francois Zygielman, 9, in German occupied Belgium. Belgium was invaded by Germany in May 1940. In 1942, a Judenstern badge had to worn by all Jews over age six on the outer clothing at all times. Francois's mother Rosa sewed this star to his jacket. In October 1942, Rosa was deported to Auschwitz concentration camp and murdered. Francois and his father Cudyk went into hiding in separate locations. Cudyk remained in Brussels, but Francois was moved several times, from Madame Pierlot's home, to a Catholic orphanage, and then, in late 1943, with the help of Abbe Joseph Andre, to a home in Ciney. Belgium was liberated in September 1944 and Cudyk came to get Francois. Cudyk and Francois left for America in 1949.
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:28:35
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn514367
Also in Frank Siegel family collection
The collection consists of a Star of David badge, correspondence, and photographs relating to the experiences of Francois Zygielman (later Frank Siegel) and his family in Belgium during and after the Holocaust.
The Frank Siegel papers include biographical materials, correspondence, and photographs documenting Frank Siegel’s parents and their families in Poland and Belgium before the war, his mother’s deportation to Auschwitz, and his relationship with his father in Belgium after the war. Biographical materials include a 1942 school certificate and 1962 restitution case decision for Frank Siegel, prescriptions for ear drops for Cudyk Zygielman, Rozia Zygielman’s passport, a certificate attesting to her moral standing, and notes documenting her transport to Auschwitz. Correspondence primarily includes postcards Cudyk and Rozia Zygielman received from friends and family before the war and letters Frank Siegel wrote to his father from various boarding schools in Belgium after the war. Correspondence also includes a letter from Cudyk Zygielman’s mother and a greeting card from a friend of Rozia Zygielman congratulating the couple on their marriage. Photographs depict Frank Siegel with his parents and classmates in Belgium, Cudyk and Rozia Zygielman and their relatives in Poland, and Erna Bialer Zygielman at a displaced persons camp in Germany around 1945 and on the Italian liner “Christopher Columbus” on her way to the United States in 1951. Cudyk Zygielman received the photographs of his relatives while in Belgium and kept them while in hiding.