Green velvet Torah mantle with 10 Commandments found by a US soldier
found: approximately 1944 November-approximately 1945 January
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Jewish ceremonial objects
- Object Type
Torah mantles (lcsh)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Herman Schwartz
Damaged green velvet Torah mantle found by Herman Schwartz, an American soldier, in the debris of a synagogue in Saverne, [Sabern or in German, Zabern or Schwenheim] France, desecrated by German forces at the beginning of the German occupation, June 1940-November 1944. He cut the mantle out of a pile of rubble with his bayonet. It has an applique of the 10 Commandment tablets with elaborate gold metal thread embroidery, a gift of the Women's Society in 1905. Jews had lived in the town since the 14th century. German troops destroyed the upper level of the synagogue, built in 1898-1900, to remove all traces of its Jewish origins. The NS Fliegerkorps, a flying corps, used the building as a training center. The Germans expelled the Jews to make the town Judenfrei [free of Jews.] Herman found the mantle as his battalion moved across the Alsace-Lorraine region of France and into Germany in late 1944 - early 1945. The synagogue was restored by the small Jewish community after the war.
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:19:38
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn514382
Also in Herman Schwartz collection
The collection consists of a Torah mantle and photographs relating to the experiences of Herman Schwartz while a soldier in the United States Army in France and Germany during World War II.
The collection consists of four photographs of corpses at Dachau concentration camp at liberation and one photograph of three liberated Jewish prisoners at Dachau showing the tattoo marks on their arms.