Green velvet Torah mantle with 10 Commandments found by a US soldier
approximately 1944 November-approximately 1945 January (found)
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Jewish ceremonial objects
- Object Type
Torah mantles (lcsh)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Herman Schwartz
Damaged green velvet Torah mantle found by Herman Schwartz, an American soldier, in the debris of a synagogue in Saverne, [Sabern or in German, Zabern or Schwenheim] France, desecrated by German forces at the beginning of the German occupation, June 1940-November 1944. He cut the mantle out of a pile of rubble with his bayonet. It has an applique of the 10 Commandment tablets with elaborate gold metal thread embroidery, a gift of the Women's Society in 1905. Jews had lived in the town since the 14th century. German troops destroyed the upper level of the synagogue, built in 1898-1900, to remove all traces of its Jewish origins. The NS Fliegerkorps, a flying corps, used the building as a training center. The Germans expelled the Jews to make the town Judenfrei [free of Jews.] Herman found the mantle as his battalion moved across the Alsace-Lorraine region of France and into Germany in late 1944 - early 1945. The synagogue was restored by the small Jewish community after the war.
Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:04:29
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn514382
Also in Herman Schwartz collection
The collection consists of a Torah mantle and photographs relating to the experiences of Herman Schwartz while a soldier in the United States Army in France and Germany during World War II.
The collection consists of 4 photographs of corpses at Dachau concentration camp at liberation and 1 photograph of three liberated Jewish prisoners at Dachau showing the tattoo marks on their arms.