Brown leather pouch owned by a Danish resistance member
- Object Type
Pouches (Containers) (lcsh)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Knud Dyby
Brown leather pouch used By Knud Dyby to house a name tag (1989.297.2.1). Knud Dyby participated with several Danish underground organizations during World War II.
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 08:57:34
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn514400
Also in Knud Dyby collection
The collection consists of artifacts and documents relating to the experiences of Knud Dyby and his involvement with several Danish underground organizations during World War II.
The bayonet (a) has a grooved blade and attaches to a rifle by a deep groove in the handle. The sheath (b) has a leather upper that can be attached to a belt and a metal bottom that covers the bayonet blade. The leather and metal parts can be separated. The bayonet and bayonet sheath relate to Knud Dyby and his involvement with several Danish underground organizations during World War II
"S.I (E?).K.P. Grn. Ers. BH. 76 3502" is engraved at the top and bottom of the oval-shaped tag. The name tag relates to Knud Dyby and his involvement with several Danish underground organizations during World War II
Armband with a metal shield issued to Knud Dyby, a Danish resistance fighter, on May 4 or 5, 1945, the final days of the German occupation. The armbands suddenly appeared throughout Denmark, issued by the Danish Freedom Council, the unofficial government-in-exile. The armbands were meant to turn the underground fighters into a legitimate army because, under the Geneva Convention, resistance members could be considered guerillas and executed on the spot by the Germans. Denmark was occupied by Germany on April 9, 1940. The Danes were allowed to retain control of civil affairs, until the Germans declared martial law on August 29, 1943. The Danish Freedom Council formed that September to coordinate the resistance movement.
The Knud Dyby papers consist of correspondence, personal narratives, photocopied records, photographs, printed materials, resistance materials, and subject files documenting the German occupation of Denmark and Knud Dyby’s involvement in resistance work including rescuing Danish Jews and transmitting information. Correspondence includes notes and translations documenting Knud Dyby’s resistance work during the war and include a letter from journalist Leif Hendil, a letter from Dwight D. Eisenhower about Brotherhood Week, and Dyby’s own letter advocating for the collection and display of visual evidence documenting the rescue of Jews during the Holocaust. Personal narratives include Knud Dyby’s memoir, Short Stories from a Long Life, his expression of gratitude for the recognition he received as a rescuer, and a vignette about smuggling an American pilot out of Denmark. This series also includes a copy of Frank Meissner’s narrative about his Youth Aliyah work in Denmark from 1939 to 1943 and being smuggled to Sweden on a fishing boat in October 1943. Photocopied records duplicate unknown source material including records documenting the German occupation of Denmark, Danish resistance, Knud Dyby, and antisemitism and Holocaust denial. Photocopied records documenting the German occupation of Denmark include correspondence, warnings, and regulations from the Danish Commerce Department, Justice Department, Police Commissioners, Nazi party, and the police in Malmö; reports about the Frikorps Danmark, Waffen SS, Sicherheitsdienst, and SS‐Sonder‐Kommando Danemark. Photocopied records documenting Danish resistance include calls for anti‐Nazi action, narratives about Jewish deportations and escapes, articles about Danish resistance and Jewish rescue, and lists of collaborators. Photocopies of letters and articles document Knud Dyby’s participation in Danish resistance and Jewish rescue. This series also includes photocopied articles and brochures propagating antisemitism and Holocaust denial, mostly by Heinz Roth. Photographs include a portrait assumed to be of Knud Dyby, a picture of boats used by the Danish‐Swedish Refugee Service, and pictures documenting an exhibit about Danish‐Swedish underground cooperation. Printed materials primarily consist of issues or partial issues of Danish wartime underground, opposition, and mainstream news publications. The series also includes wartime announcements, flyers, pamphlets, and an airdropped leaflet as well as later clippings and brochures about occupied Denmark. Resistance materials include blank and false identification papers and information for the underground newspaper service and from Swedish partners to the Danish underground. Subject files include a copy of a California resolution recognizing Knud Dyby, a copy of Hitler’s September 1, 1939 Reichstag speech and January 1, 1945 New Year’s speech, information about Wehrmacht uniforms given to Dyby, a ration card for tobacco, and a travel pass.