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Object | Accession Number: 2003.418.3

Siddur taken by Michael [Mojsej] Garber, 21, when he fled Warsaw, Poland, for Soviet territory soon after the September 1939 German invasion. Attached to the cover is a glass plate with a photograph of the Teznia w Ciechocinku, 19th century graduated wooden cooling towers in Ciechocinek, Poland. The towers, used to evaporate brine from water, were built in 1825 and 1859, and at 53 feet, were the largest of their kind. Michael received this prayer book from his parents when he was a 12 year old boy preparing for bar mitzvah. He took it, and his tefillin, with him when he escaped. The Soviet authorities sent him to a labor camp but when Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941, he convinced them to let him work as a physician's assistant. In February 1945, when Poles were allowed to leave Soviet territory, he was a physician for 5 collective farms in Uzbekistan. Michael agreed to marry another Polish refugee and physician, Ella Dworecka, so that her family could return to Poland. Her father promised they could divorce after the journey, but Michael and Ella chose to remain together. Michael's parents, Aron and Frajda, and his sister Bronja and her husband Sam Duvorestki perished during the war.

received:  approximately 1930
received: Warsaw (Poland)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Michael Garber
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:10:44
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