Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Queen Wilhemina of the Netherlands 1898-1948 miniature medal owned by a former hidden child

Object | Accession Number: 2003.419.2

Queen Wilhemina of the Netherlands 1898-1948 miniature medal with striped ribbon acquired by twelve year old Marion Kaufmann. The medal was issued to commemorate the end of Queen Wilhemina's nearly 58 year reign upon the September 4, 1948, abdication of the throne in favor of her daughter Juliana. Marion's parents, Lina and Walter, owned an electrical repair shop in Berlin that was destroyed during Kristallnacht, November 9-10, 1938. They worked in a Jewish daycare center until 1941, when the orphans were deported and the center closed. Walter made preparations for the family to escape, but was arrested in October 1942. Six year old Marion and her mother Lina fled to the Netherlands. In Amsterdam, Dr. Max Knapp of the Dutch underground arranged separate hiding places for them. Marion was hidden with Boy and Mia Edgar in Amsterdam. She was arrested and sent to a transit camp for Jewish children in Amsterdam until rescued by the Edgars. They arranged for her to hide in various places near Arnhem: a convent in Malden, and the De Kleyn and then the Beelen homes in Overasselt. Marion was with the Beelen's from April 1943-September 1945, except for one month during the Allied Operation Market Garden in September 1944 when she was placed with a traveling group of Roma for safety. Lina was hidden in a home in Amsterdam that was raided. She then was moved to the Wesselius family farm in Oude Wetering. German soldiers were billeted nearby, and it was too dangerous to stay in the house, thus she was hidden in a haystack most of the time. The war ended in May 1945, and Lina found Marion at the Beelen farm in September. They eventually learned that Walter had died in Auschwitz in January 1943. Marion and Lina lived in Amsterdam until leaving for the US in 1949.

Date
1898-1948  (received)
Geography
received : Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Classification
Awards
Category
Medals
Object Type
Medals, Dutch (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Marion Cassirer
Expand all
 
Record last modified: 2018-01-31 13:16:40
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn514540