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US Army Model 142 insecticide duster for delousing concentration camp survivors and soldiers

Object | Accession Number: 2004.53.1

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    US Army Model 142 insecticide duster for delousing concentration camp survivors and soldiers

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    United States Army issued handheld insecticide dusting gun, Model 142, of the type used by US troops to delouse concentration camp survivors after liberation in 1945. The standard issued material used by the US Army for louse control was 10% DDT powder. Louse powder was placed in the canister and released through a pressurized hose. Air passes through the canister and the air tube tip when the control is pushed down. The powder was blown between the underwear and the skin, down the neck of the shirt, up the sleeves and into the trousers in as many directions as possible.
    Date
    manufacture:  1944
    use:  approximately 1945 May
    Geography
    manufacture: Saint Paul (Minn.)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the United States Department of Agriculture ARS Medical and Veterinary Entomology Research Lab
    Markings
    handle base, right side, embossed vertically : Model No. 142 CONTRACT NO . / DUST GUN – 1944 W – 12 – 036 - OM11424
    handle base, left side, embossed vertically : DOBBINS MFG. CO. / NO. ST. PAUL . MINN – ELKHART. IND
    Contributor
    Manufacturer: Dobbins Manufacturing Company
    Distributor: United States. Army

    Physical Details

    Language
    English
    Classification
    Tools and Equipment
    Object Type
    Dust guns (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    Green painted, silver colored, metal canister with a vertical seam and circular screw top lid. Attached to the lid top is a flat, metal bar with arched ends. Attached to the lid interior is a curved, semi-oval perforated metal filter. A tubelike spray nozzle is soldered to the top of the canister and extends over the lid. At the flat end of the canister is a cylindrical handle with a flat triangular base. An air tube extends from the canister and inserts into an opening near the upper edge of the handle base. It has a pointed tip to release air. There is a rod with a metal spring and circular end button which, when pressed down, releases air into the attached metal air tube that extends through a hole on the lower edge of the handle. The canister has paint loss, scratches, corrosion and adhesive residue from previously attached labels. It is missing the pressurized hose attachment.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 14.000 inches (35.56 cm) | Width: 4.375 inches (11.113 cm) | Depth: 3.250 inches (8.255 cm)
    Materials
    overall : metal, paint

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The insecticide duster was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2004 by Kenneth H. Posey, ex officio, for the United States Department of Agriculture ARS Medical and Veterinary Entomology Research Lab.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2022-08-16 11:04:35
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn514808

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