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Polish Union of Swimming red felt badge with an eagle awarded postwar to a Polish Army swim coach

Object | Accession Number: 2004.374.2

Polish Union of Swimming badge awarded to Henryk Zguda between 1947-57 when he was a sports trainer and swim coach for the Polish Army. In 1952, he took the Polish water polo team to the Olympics. The badge features the Polish eagle, the national crest of Poland, represented without the crown during the Communist era. Henryk, a 25 year old Catholic, was arrested in occupied Krakow by the German SS on May 30, 1942. On June 15, Henryk was deported to Auschwitz concentration camp. He was given a red triangle with the letter P to identify him as a political prisoner. He was transferred to Buchenwald on March 12, 1943, where he worked in the stone quarry. In spring 1945, Buchenwald was evacuated and, on April 10, Henryk was forced on a death march to Dachau. He was liberated by American troops on April 29. Henryk was hospitalized and then sent to Neu Freimann displaced persons camp. He returned to Krakow in 1946.

received:  approximately 1950
received: Krakow (Poland)
Identifying Artifacts
Object Type
Badges (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Nancy Zguda
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:17:24
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