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Lila Lam Nowakowska papers

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 1991.102.21 | RG Number: RG-09.079

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    Lila Lam Nowakowska papers

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    The Lila Lam Nowakowska papers consist of biographical materials, correspondence, and photographs documenting Lila’s assumed identity in Warsaw during the Holocaust, her internment at Mauthausen and forced labor in Steyr and Znojmo, her postwar reunion with her mother, and the Jewish orphanage where her mother worked in Chorzów after the war.
    Biographical materials include identification and work papers under Lila Lam Nowakowska’s assumed identity, Leonora Leska.
    Correspondence includes postwar letters from Lila and Dorota Lam in Chorzów, Nowy Tomysl, Elblag, and Cracow to Adam Sznaper in Starogrod, Koszalin, Szczecin, and Warsaw. This series also includes a 2007 letter from Adam to Lila returning the letters to her and commenting on the pain of the wartime and postwar periods.
    Photographs depict Lila Lam Nowakowska, her mother Dorota, her brother Henryk, her cousin Hugo, Dorota’s sister‐in‐law Charlotte Lam, children at the Jewish orphanage where her mother worked in Chorzów after the war. This series includes Mauthausen mug shots of Lila Lam Nowakowska and Stefania Korwin‐Kossakowska
    inclusive:  circa 1933-2007
    bulk:  circa 1933-1952
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Lila Lam-Nowakowska
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Lila Lam Nowakowska
    Collection Creator
    Lila L. Nowakowska
    Lila Lam Nowakowski was born in 1922 in Stanislawów, Poland (Ivano-Frankivs'k, Ukraine). Following the German invasion in summer 1941, she and her family were forced into the Stanislawów ghetto where her father was briefly chairman of the Judenrat. She obtained false papers along with her mother, brother, and uncle, and they escaped the Stanislawów ghetto in 1942. Using false papers, Lila went to Warsaw, Poland, and lived under an assumed identity, Leonora Leska, until the Warsaw Uprising in 1944. Then she was taken with other Warsaw civilians to the transit camp, Pruszkow, then to Mauthausen where she was quarantined for three weeks. She performed forced labor at the Steyr labor camp near Linz, Austria, until January 1945 and then at the Znojmo labor camp in Czechoslovakia until she was liberated by the Soviets in May 1945. She returned to Poland after World War II and was reunited with her mother who was working at a Jewish orphanage in Chorzów, Poland. Her father and brother both perished during the Holocaust

    Physical Details

    Polish German Czech
    6 folders
    System of Arrangement
    The Lila Lam Nowakowska papers are arranged as three series: I. Biographical materials, 1940-1946, II. Correspondence, 1945-2007 (bulk 1945-1952), III. Photographs, approximately 1933-1948

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Lila Lam Nowakowska donated the Lila Lam Nowakowska papers to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1991, 1994, 2008, and 2012. Accessions previously cataloged as 1994.15, 2008.108.1, and 2012.376.1 have been incorporated into this collection.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this collection has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-04-11 09:45:06
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