Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Photograph of Fani Birnberg Ross

Document | Not Digitized | Accession Number: 1991.165 | RG Number: RG-10.450

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward


    The photograph depicts Fani Birnberg Ross in Radom, Poland, on May 12, 1943. Caption on verso in German: "Gearbeitet Bei Herr Reiners, Kastnanen Ache 7/5, Radom Doppler - Niedermann." At the time this photograph was taken, Fani Birnberg Ross, a Jewish woman, was posing as an Aryan and working for an SS physician.
    creation:  1943 May 12
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Fani Ross
    Collection Creator
    Fani B. Ross
    Fani Birnberg Ross was born on November 11, 1922 in Gwozdziec, Poland (now in the Soviet Ukraine) Her father, Josef Birnberg was a farmer and businessman and her mother, Frieda Greenberg Birnberg worked as a housewife. In 1939 attended college in Lvov, Poland. After the Nazis invaded the territory in 1941 she returned to her family in Gwozdziec. There she was hidden during the deportations of Jews. When she was tranferred to Kolomyja, Poland (now in the Soviet Ukraine)where she worked on a baron's farm. When they were deported from Kolomyja she jumped off the train with her cousins and friends and escaped taking refuge with a farmer before her aunt found her. She later stayed temporarily with nuns. Disguising herself as an Aryan, she got a job working as a nanny and housekeeper for an SS physician, Werner Dietrich. She left his employ when he demanded to see her papers. She next worked at the police station before being employed by an SS officer named Doppler in Radom, Poland. Because of her work she was commended and received a letter from Adolf Hitler stating, "Through your behavior, hard work, honest orphan, you are commended." In 1944 she traveled with a friend to the Black Forest in Germany. In April of 1945 the French liberated her in Schramberg, Germany. Because she had attained Aryan papers while she worked for the SS officer Doppler, she had difficulty proving her Jewish ancestry after the war. A French Rabbi made it clear to authorities after she spoke Hebrew with him. She emigrated to the United States in the 1950s. Her mother, father, and sister Berta, all were killed during the war.

    Physical Details

    1 folder

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Radom (Poland)

    Administrative Notes

    Created by unknown photographer, May 1943, Radom, Poland. The photograph was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum by Fani Birnberg Ross in 1991.
    Record last modified:
    2023-02-24 14:11:04
    This page:

    Download & Licensing

    In-Person Research

    Contact Us