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Black yarmulke used by a German Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2004.524.6

Black yarmulke owned by Peter Victor who lived as a Jewish refugee from Berlin in Shanghai, China, from 1938-1947. A yarmulke is a skullcap worn by observant Jewish males. Peter, age 18, left to escape the anti-Jewish policies of the Nazi-led government. His parents, Carl and Elsa, arrived in Shanghai in 1939. Carl died in 1940 and Elsa in 1942. Shanghai was liberated by the United States Army on September 3, 1945. With the aid of the American Joint Distribution Committee, Peter emigrated to America in December 1947.

use:  after 1938
use: Hongkou Qu (Shanghai, China)
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Object Type
Yarmulkes (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Estate of Peter M. Victor and in memory of Carl and Elsa Victor and Berta Neidermann Victor
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:24:43
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