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Ernest Hartog family papers

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 1998.108.1

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    Ernest Hartog family papers

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    The Ernest Hartog family papers include biographical materials, correspondence, and photographs documenting the Hartog family, Emil Hartog’s imprisonment in the concentration camp at Gurs and his family’s efforts to arrange for his release through Father Alexandre Glasberg and other channels, and Paula Hartog’s brothers, Albert and Hugo Josephs.
    Biographical materials include authentic and forged identification papers; birth, marriage, vaccination, and prefectural certificates; and student, medical, and military records.
    Correspondence consists primarily of letters and postcards from Emil Hartog to his wife and son while imprisoned in Gurs. The letters describe daily life and conditions in the camp, his health, and efforts to secure his release, for example through the aid of Father Alexandre Glasberg. Additional letters document Ernest Hartog’s efforts to locate his father after his deportation to Auschwitz.
    Photographs depict Ernest, Paula, and Emil Hartog and Albert, Hugo, Erna, and Helga Josephs before the war in Gangelt and Aachen, during the war in Brussels, and after the war in Lyon.
    inclusive:  1899-1949
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ernest Hartog
    Collection Creator
    Ernest Hartog family
    Ernest Hartog was born Ernst Hartog in 1928 in Aachen to Emil (1886-approximately 1942) and Paula Hartog (1894-1974) and initially lived in nearby Gangelt. His family moved to Aachen in 1937 and then to Brussels in 1939. Emil Hartog was arrested as an enemy alien when Germany invaded Belgium, and Ernest and his mother fled to Paris. Emil was transferred to the concentration camps at St. Cyprien and Gurs. Ernest and Paula moved to Lyon in 1941, living under the false identity “Ardolle.” Emil was deported to Auschwitz in August 1942 and perished. Ernest and Paula were the only survivors among their extended family, and they immigrated to the United States in 1947, settling in New York. Ernest married Sonya Salomon, a survivor from Luxembourg.

    Physical Details

    German French
    14 folders
    System of Arrangement
    The Ernest Hartog family papers are arranged as three series: I. Biographical materials, 1899-1949, II. Correspondence, 1941-1943, III. Photographs, approximately 1920-1946

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Gurs (France) Lyon (France)
    Corporate Name
    Gurs (Concentration camp)

    Administrative Notes

    Ernest Hartog donated the Ernest Hartog family papers to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1998.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this collection has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-02-24 14:11:56
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