Silver pin with floral engraving found by a German Jewish survivor while imprisoned by the Soviet Army
Nemmersdorf (East Prussia) historic;
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Evelyn Goldstein Woods
Engraved silver brooch found by Herta Goldstein in a drawer at a displaced persons prison camp in February 1945 in Nemmersdorf, East Prussia. She and her 7 year old daughter Evy were held in the camp by the Soviet Army after the defeat of Germany at the Battle of Koenigsberg. Herta and Evy were German Jews living in hiding under assumed identities. Because they spoke German the Soviets assumed they were spies; they did not believe the women were Jews because they thought all the Jews had been killed. Herta later had her Evy's initials, EG, engraved on the brooch. Herta, her husband Ernst, and 4 year old Evy went into hiding in Berlin, Germany, in February 1943. Evy was hidden separately from her parents and, in June 1943, was sent to East Prussia with the help of Hilda Kniess and Dr. Elisabeth Abegg. Ernst was arrested and sent to Auschwitz concentration camp where he was killed in August 1943. In October, Herta went to stay with Evy. In January 1945, the area was in Soviet territory behind the front lines. They were confined in multiple displaced persons camps until, escaping and living under false identities, they managed to get back to Berlin in 1948.
Record last modified: 2023-08-31 10:08:57
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn516158
Also in Evelyn Goldstein Woods family collection
The collection consists of a brooch, correspondence, documents, and photographs relating to the experiences of Ernst and Herta Loschinski Goldstein and their daughter Evy before and during the Holocaust in Germany, including the years in hiding, and after the war when Herta and Evelyn lived in the Soviet Union, Germany, and the United States, as well as documents relating to the experiences of several family members and friends. Some of these materials may be combined into a single collection in the future.
Date: approximately 1934-approximately 1970
The collection consists of papers pertaining to Evelyn Goldstein and her parents, Herta Loschinski Goldstein and Ernst Goldstein, as well as the following family members and friends: Gertrude Darmann, Herbert Beutler, Heinz and Helga Ross [Rosenthal], Ruth Loschinski, and Hildegard Kniess. Also included in the papers are letters written after World War II to Evelyn Goldstein from Dr. Elisabeth Abegg, a German Quaker who helped to hide Evelyn Goldstein during the war.
Contains original photographs of Ruth Loschinski Thal, a nurse who was in Terezin, Auschwitz and later died in Bergen Belsen; one photo depicts Ruth in the Jewish Hospital in Berlin, July 1942. Also includes a postcard sent from Ruth in Terezin to her family's German neighbors in Berlin dated July 10, 1944; these neighbors sent food packages to Ruth.