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Wiener-Schoen family photographs

Document | Not Digitized | Accession Number: 1999.322.1

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    The Wiener-Schoen family photograph collection consists of twelve photographs depicting the Wiener family in Chorzów, Poland, before World War II and during their time as refugees; the Schoen family's rescuers; and both families in Nowy Wiśnicz, Poland, during World War II.
    Collection Creator
    Henry Wiener
    Henryk Wiener was born January 12, 1921 in Jurkow, Poland to Jakub and Sarah Wiener and had two younger siblings: Maniek (b. 1923) and Emilia (b. 1929). In 1927 the Wiener family moved to Chorzow. Located on the German border, Chorzow was the first town to be invaded by the Germans in September 1939. The Wieners fled immediately after the invasion and settled in Nowy Wiśnicz, where they were soon forced into a ghetto. In the fall of 1942, the family was transferred to the Bochnia ghetto. There, Maniek was arrested and executed for his connections to the Zionist underground led by Szymek Dranger. Subsequently, Jakub, Sarah and Emilia were deported to the Auschwitz concentration camp where they perished.

    In July 1943 Henryk was transferred to the Plaszow concentration camp, where he was chosen to work in Oskar Schindler's factory. Henryk's selection was due to his discovery that a Jewish policeman organizing the group was a cousin of his mother's. In November 1944, Henryk was sent to the Gross Rosen concentration camp, along with a transport of 800 Schindler Jews, but Schindler succeeded in winning their release and transfer to his munitions factory in Bruennlitz, Czechoslovakia. Henryk remained there from November 1944 until the liberation of the factory camp by Soviet troops on May 8, 1945. He was 24 years old at the time of his release.

    After the war Henryk returned to Poland to look for surviving family members. After learning that his entire family had perished, he was put in touch with his former girlfriend from Wisnicz, Sala (later Sally) Schoen. Sala had survived for three years after the liquidation of the Wisnicz ghetto, hidden behind a double wall in the home of a Polish friend, Halina Lacny. Sala's parents, Abraham and Malka Schoen, perished in Auschwitz, and her brother, Meyer, was killed in Kaufering shortly before the end of the war. Her sister, Tonka, survived in the ghetto, and her husband, Nathan Krieger, survived with Henryk at the Bruennlitz factory. Henryk returned to his family's home in Chorzow and remained there for four months, but following a pogrom in the fall of 1945, he fled to the West. He traveled to Germany via Czechoslovakia and settled in the Fürth displaced persons camp. There, he married Sala on January 20, 1946. They immigrated to the United States one year later in January, 1947 aboard the SS Ernie Pyle.

    Physical Details

    1 folder
    System of Arrangement
    The Wiener-Schoen family photograph collection is arranged in a single series.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Corporate Name
    Maccabi World Union

    Administrative Notes

    Henry and Sally Wiener donated the Wiener-Schoen family photograph collection to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1999.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this collection has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-10-31 14:47:57
    This page:

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