Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content


Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 1993.97

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward


    Please select from the following options:


    The poem "Sweisserok" was written by Erzsebet Frank at Markkleeberg in 1945 and describes the friendship and daily lives of twelve welders at the Junkers-Markkleeberg slave labor camp during the Holocaust. The poem features an illustration of the welders by a fellow laborer, possibly a young woman named Gizella. One of the welders described in the poem is Erszebet Zucker (later Elizabeth Mermel, b. 1924, Sátoraljaújhely, Hungary), who carried the poem during the death march evacuation from Markkleeberg in April 1945. (Zahava Szász Stessel describes the creation and preservation of the poem in her book, "Snow Flowers: Hungarian Jewish Women in an Airplane Factory, Markkleeberg, Germany.")
    creation:  1945 February
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Elizabeth Mermel
    Collection Creator
    Erzsebet Frank
    Erzsebet Frank was born in 1918 in Mezökeresztes, Hungary. She was transferred from Auschwitz to the Junkers-Markkleeberg slave labor detail outside of Leipzig in 1944. She describes the experience in her book, "365 Nap: Vallomàs a Pokolok Tüzéböl" ("365 Days: Testimony from Hell's Inferno"), which she had begun drafting at Markkleeberg.

    Physical Details

    1 folder

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Markkleeberg (Germany)

    Administrative Notes

    Elizabeth Zucker Mermel donated "Sweisserok" to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1993.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this collection has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-02-24 14:12:41
    This page: